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We reported the first attempt to describe mucosa-associated bacterial populations in the chicken ceca by molecular analysis of 16S rRNA genes. Bacteria in the mucosa were highly diverse but mainly Gram-positive with low G+C. Fusobacterium prausnitzii and butyrate-producing bacteria comprised the largest groups among 116 cloned sequences. Twenty five percent(More)
Bacterial populations in the ileum of broiler chickens were analyzed by molecular analysis of 16S rRNA genes and compared to those in the cecum. Bacteria found in the ileal mucosa were mainly Gram-positive with low G+C content. There were 15 molecular species among 51 cloned sequences. More than 70% of the cloned sequences were related to lactobacilli and(More)
There is a growing use of dietary supplements in many countries including China. This study aimed to document the prevalence of dietary supplements use and characteristics of Chinese pre-school children using dietary supplements in Australia and China. A survey was carried out in Perth, Western Australia of 237 mothers with children under five years old and(More)
Sortase A (SrtA) is required to anchor neuraminidase, beta-galactosidase, and possibly other LPXTG motif proteins to the pneumococcal cell surface. We examined the role of SrtA in Streptococcus pneumoniae nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization in the chinchilla model. The srtA mutant colonized the nasopharynx at a significantly lower level than the D39 parent(More)
OBJECTIVE Assess efficacy of intermittent intravaginal metronidazole gel treatment in reducing frequency of bacterial vaginosis (BV). DESIGN Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial. SETTING Postnatal and family planning clinics of the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital and two health centers in Blantyre, Malawi. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Aim. We assessed obesity, sex, menopause, and gender differences on hypertension in a Hakka-majority Taiwanese sample. Methods. 9621 subjects aged 20 and over participated in this community-based study. Trained nurses collected blood pressure (BP) measurements and anthropometric indices, including weight, height, hip circumference (HC), waist circumference(More)
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