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Diallyl trisulfide (DATS), an active component of garlic oil, has attracted much attention because of its anticancer effect on several types of cancers. However, the mechanism of DATS-induced apoptosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is not fully understood. In the present study, we revealed that DATS-mediated dose-dependent induction of apoptosis in BCC(More)
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are able to down-regulate expression of adhesion molecules and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation in vascular endothelial cells, in addition to reducing atherosclerotic lesions in vivo. We report here that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) reduces atherosclerotic lesions in the(More)
Diallyl sulfide (DAS), diallyl disulfide (DADS), and diallyl trisulfide (DATS), extracted from crushed garlic by steam-distillation, have been reported to provide the anticancer activity in several cancer types. However, their mechanisms of effects on skin cancer cells remain unclear. Therefore, we used human melanoma A375 cells and basal cell carcinoma(More)
Sepsis caused by Gram-negative bacterial infection is characterized by extensive inflammatory cytokine production, which leads to multiple organ failure and a high lethality rate. Therefore, compounds that are able to alleviate profound inflammatory responses may have therapeutic potential in relation to sepsis. Quercetin, one of the flavonoids found widely(More)
BACKGROUND In human beings or animals, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of the liver may occur in many clinical conditions, such as circulating shock, liver transplantation and surgery and several other pathological conditions. I/R injury has a complex pathophysiology resulting from a number of contributing factors. Therefore, it is difficult to achieve(More)
Inflammation and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation are the most crucial steps in the formation of hepatic fibrosis. Hepatocytes damaged by viral or bacterial infection, alcohol or toxic chemicals initiate an inflammatory response that activates collagen production by HSCs. Recent studies indicate curcumin has liver-protective effects due to its(More)
(1,3)-β-D-Glucans with (1,6)-β-D-glucosyl branches are bioactive polysaccharides in fruiting bodies and mycelia of Ganoderma lucidum, a mushroom used in traditional Chinese medicine. Submerged cultivation of mycelium is one of the more efficient means of generating polysaccharides from this fungus. Twelve mycelium samples examined in this study demonstrated(More)
Chronic inflammation leads to a progressive inflammation in certain types of cells. Recent studies report that the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) increases the expression of inflammation-related protein such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which further enhance the chronic inflammation, thus conduct the(More)
Deficiency of the collagen receptor discoidin domain receptor tyrosine kinase (DDR2) in mice and humans results in dwarfism and short limbs, of which the mechanism remains unknown. Here we report that DDR2 is a key regulator of osteoblast differentiation. DDR2 mRNA expression was increased at an early stage of induced osteoblast differentiation. In the(More)
CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have recently been used as cell tracers for long term imaging of live cells. A number of studies indicate that introduction of quantum dots to cells have no apparent deleterious effects on the morphology or growth of cells. In the present study, the human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) were used as a model to examine(More)