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Inflammasomes regulate the activity of caspase-1 and the maturation of interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-18. AIM2 has been shown to bind DNA and engage the caspase-1-activating adaptor protein ASC to form a caspase-1-activating inflammasome. Using Aim2-deficient mice, we identify a central role for AIM2 in regulating caspase-1-dependent maturation of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) released in response to hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in the newborn brain may mediate both protective and pathologic responses. We sought to determine whether pharmacologic increase of NO using an NO donor would reduce neurologic injury resulting from HI in the postnatal day 7 rat. We measured NO levels and CBF in the presence of either a NOS(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by depolarization of mitochondrial membranes and the initiation of mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis are pathological responses to hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in the neonatal brain. Carnitine metabolism directly supports mitochondrial metabolism by shuttling long chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane for(More)
The GroEL/GroES chaperonin system mediates protein folding in the bacterial cytosol. Newly synthesized proteins reach GroEL via transfer from upstream chaperones such as DnaK/DnaJ (Hsp70). Here we employed single molecule and ensemble FRET to monitor the conformational transitions of a model substrate as it proceeds along this chaperone pathway. We find(More)
Hippocampus has received a considerable attention in the recent past due to its role in a number of important functions such as learning and memory. The effect of hypoxia on neuronal cell injury especially on hippocampal cells is not well known. The aim of the present study was to characterize the biochemical changes in primary cultured hippocampal neurons(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vascular function is impaired with increased pulmonary blood flow (PBF). We hypothesized that a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) agonist would mitigate this effect. METHODS An aorta-to-pulmonary-artery shunt was placed in 11 fetal lambs. Lambs received the PPAR-γ agonist rosiglitazone (RG, 3 mg/kg/d, n = 6) or(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient as well as a toxic trace element in animal and human nutrition. The effects of Se in the immune system and some diseases are well documented. The objective of the present study was to examine the role of Se in reducing the hypoxia induced apoptosis in neuroblastoma cell line. Hypoxia showed an enhanced(More)
The leucine transporter (LeuT) from Aquifex aeolicus is a bacterial homolog of neurotransmitter/sodium symporters (NSSs) that catalyze reuptake of neurotransmitters at the synapse. Crystal structures of wild-type and mutants of LeuT have been interpreted as conformational states in the coupled transport cycle. However, the mechanistic identities inferred(More)
Manual Test Data Generation is an expensive, error prone and tedious task. Therefore, there is an immediate need to make the automation of this process as efficient and effective as possible. The work presented intends to automate the process of Test Data Generation with a goal of attaining maximum coverage. A Cellular Automata system is discrete in space(More)