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Cationic amphipathic peptides have been extensively investigated as a potential source of new antimicrobials that can complement current antibiotic regimens in the face of emerging drug-resistant bacteria. However, the suppression of antimicrobial activity under certain biologically relevant conditions (e.g., serum and physiological salt concentrations) has(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease leads to progressive deterioration in exercise capacity. Because physical activity has been shown to improve lung function and quality of life (QoL), developing routine exercise programs can benefit this patient population. METHODS Lung function, nutritional status, and exercise capacity and assessments of(More)
OBJECTIVE Better nutrition enhances lung function and increases survival for children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Therefore, we developed a standardized strategy to evaluate nutritional status and create individualized treatment plans to ensure that all patients received the same high-quality care in a busy CF Center. METHODS A quality improvement approach(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF), which is among the most common life-shortening recessive illnesses, is caused by mutations of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and typically involves chronic infection and progressive obstruction of the respiratory tract as well as pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Disease severity, to some extent, correlates with(More)
BACKGROUND The effectiveness of current treatment recommendations for vitamin D insufficiency in children with CF is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness of vitamin D(2) 50,000 IU once daily for 28 days for vitamin D insufficiency. METHODS Retrospective chart review of pediatric CF patients from 2006-2008. Vitamin D(2) 50,000 IU daily for 28(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate targeted delivery of protein-based bactericidal antibiotics using electrospun polymer nanofibers. Previous studies have utilized electrospinning to create nanofibers for the localized delivery of therapeutic agents, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and low molecular weight heparin. By(More)
Routine cystic fibrosis (CF) medical care includes invasive procedures that may be difficult for young children and adolescents to tolerate because of anxiety, concern with health status, or unfamiliarity with the performed tasks. A growing body of pediatric psychology literature suggests that behavior therapy can effectively increase patient cooperation(More)
BACKGROUND Host-derived (LL-37) and synthetic (WLBU-2) cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) are known for their membrane-active bactericidal properties. LL-37 is an important mediator for immunomodulation, while the mechanism of action of WLBU-2 remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine if WLBU-2 induces an early proinflammatory response that facilitates(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Children with cystic fibrosis (CF) often report poor sleep, increased daytime sleepiness, and fatigue. The purpose of this study was to identify respiratory patterns over the spectrum of disease severity in children with CF. The overall hypothesis for the current study is that children with CF compared with snoring control subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by recurrent respiratory infections and progressive lung disease. Whereas exercise may contribute to preserving lung function, its benefit is difficult to ascertain given the selection bias of healthier patients being more predisposed to exercise. Our objective was to examine the role of self-reported(More)