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INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to determine whether tract-specific diffusion tensor imaging measures in somatosensory and motor pathways correlate with clinical grades as defined using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) in cerebral palsy (CP) children. METHODS Quantitative diffusion tensor tractography was performed on 39(More)
PURPOSE Spina bifida cystica (SBC) is a group of neurodevelopmental defects caused by improper neural tube closure, which may be responsible for deficits in cognitive functions. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in normal appearing deep gray and white matter brain regions in SBC patients compared with controls through diffusion tensor imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Regional myocardial function is typically evaluated by visual assessment by experienced users, or by methods requiring substantial post processing time. Visual assessment is subjective and not quantitative. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop and validate a simple method to derive quantitative measures of regional wall function(More)
OBJECTIVES Diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) was performed to quantify diffuse axonal injury (DAI) in major white matter (WM) fiber bundles (FBs) of patients with frontal lobe injury and to correlate these changes with neuropsychological tests (NPT) at 6 month follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS DTT was performed in 21 patients with moderate traumatic brain(More)
The study was aimed to test the feasibility of utilizing an algorithmically determinable stable fiber mass (SFM) map obtained by an unsupervised principal eigenvector field segmentation (PEVFS) for automatic delineation of 18 white matter (WM) tracts: (1) corpus callosum (CC), (2) tapetum (TP), (3) inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), (4) uncinate(More)
Region of interest based morphometric diffusion tensor imaging analysis, has been used extensively for the assessment of age-related changes in human brain, is limited to two dimensions and does not reflect the whole fiber bundle; however, diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) offers an overall view of individual fiber bundle in three-dimensional spaces.(More)
To demonstrate in a small case series for the first time the phenomenon of brain tumor-related neurovascular uncoupling (NVU) in resting-state blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at ultrahigh field (7T). Two de novo (i.e., untreated) brain tumor patients underwent both BOLD resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) on a 7T MRI(More)
PURPOSE To compare language networks derived from resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) with task-fMRI in patients with brain tumors and investigate variables that affect rs-fMRI vs task-fMRI concordance. MATERIALS AND METHODS Independent component analysis (ICA) of rs-fMRI was performed with 20, 30, 40, and 50 target components (ICA20 to ICA50) and language(More)
BACKGROUND To demonstrate that the problem of brain tumor-related neurovascular uncoupling (NVU) is a significant issue with respect to resting state blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (rsfMRI) similar to task-based BOLD fMRI, in which signal detectability can be compromised by breakdown of normal neurovascular coupling. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To determine whether lesion to activation distance (LAD) on presurgical blood-oxygen-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and degree of white matter involvement by primary or metastatic brain lesions predict perioperative motor and language deficits. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 76 patients with(More)