Shriprakash Kalantri

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RATIONALE Although interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) assays are promising alternatives to the tuberculin skin test (TST), their serial testing performance is unknown. OBJECTIVE To compare TST and IFN-gamma conversions and reversions in healthcare workers. METHODS We prospectively followed-up 216 medical and nursing students in India who underwent baseline(More)
CONTEXT Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in health care workers has not been adequately studied in developing countries using newer diagnostic tests. OBJECTIVES To estimate latent tuberculosis infection prevalence in health care workers using the tuberculin skin test (TST) and a whole-blood interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) assay; to determine agreement(More)
BACKGROUND Testing pregnant women for HIV at the time of labor and delivery is the last opportunity for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) measures, particularly in settings where women do not receive adequate antenatal care. However, HIV testing and counseling of pregnant women in labor is a challenge, especially in resource-constrained(More)
Nearly a third of the world's population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This enormous pool of latently infected individuals poses a major hurdle for global tuberculosis (TB) control. Currently, diagnosis of latent TB infection (LTBI) relies on the tuberculin skin test (TST), a century-old test with known limitations. In this(More)
BACKGROUND T cell-based interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) release assays (IGRAs) are novel tests for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). It has been suggested that T cell responses may be correlated with bacterial burden and, therefore, IGRAs may have a role in monitoring treatment response. We investigated IFN-gamma responses to specific TB antigens among(More)
BACKGROUND Although interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) are promising alternatives to the tuberculin skin test, interpretation of repeated testing results is hampered by lack of evidence on optimal cut-offs for conversions and reversions. A logical start is to determine the within-person variability of T-cell responses during serial testing. (More)
Tuberculous pleuritis is a common manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis and is the most common cause of pleural effusion in many countries. Conventional diagnostic tests, such as microscopic examination of the pleural fluid, biochemical tests, culture of pleural fluid, sputum or pleural tissue, and histopathological examination of pleural tissue,(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is traditionally estimated using the tuberculin skin test (TST). Highly specific blood-based interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) are now available and could enhance the estimation of LTBI prevalence in combination with model-based methods. DESIGN We compared conventional and model-based(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a leading cause of death worldwide. In multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infectiousness is frequently prolonged, jeopardizing efforts to control TB. The conventional tuberculosis drug susceptibility tests are sensitive and specific, but they are not rapid. The INNO-LiPA Rif. TB (LiPA) is a commercial line(More)
Chikungunya, caused by the chikungunya virus, recently emerged as an important public health problem in the Indian Ocean Islands and India. In 2006, an estimated 1.38 million people across southern and central India developed symptomatic disease. The incidence of the disease may have been higher but may have been underreported due to lack of accurate(More)