Shripad S. Bhagwat

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Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a stress-activated protein kinase that can be induced by inflammatory cytokines, bacterial endotoxin, osmotic shock, UV radiation, and hypoxia. We report the identification of an anthrapyrazolone series with significant inhibition of JNK1, -2, and -3 (K(i) = 0.19 microM). SP600125 is a reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor with(More)
Activating mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 are present in up to approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, implicating FLT3 as a driver of the disease and therefore as a target for therapy. We report the characterization of AC220, a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor, and a comparison of AC220 with the first-generation FLT3(More)
We determined the differential response of a novel SERM, SP500263, on estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and the more recently cloned ER-beta. Because of the high homology of amino acid residues in the ligand-binding domain of ER-alpha and ER-beta, we were not surprised to find that SP500263 binds to both ERs equally well. In contrast, SP500263 acts as a strong(More)
Treatment of AML patients with small molecule inhibitors of FLT3 kinase has been explored as a viable therapy. However, these agents are found to be less than optimal for the treatment of AML because of lack of sufficient potency or suboptimal oral pharmacokinetics (PK) or lack of adequate tolerability at efficacious doses. We have developed a series of(More)
Drugs targeting inhibition of kinases for the treatment of inflammation and autoimmune disorders have become a major focus in the pharmaceutical and biotech industry. Multiple kinases from different pathways have been the targets of interest in this endeavor. This review describes some of the recent developments in the search for inhibitors of IKK2, Syk,(More)
Adenosine kinase (AK) is an enzyme responsible for converting endogenous adenosine (ADO) to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) in an adenosine triphosphate- (ATP-) dependent manner. The structure of AK consists of two domains, the first a large alpha/beta Rossmann-like nucleotide binding domain that forms the ATP binding site, and a smaller mixed alpha/beta(More)
In 1975, Hamberg et al. reported evidence for the existence of an unstable platelet-aggregating factor which they named thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and for which they proposed a novel bicyclic oxetane structure (1, below) based on the short half-life of the factor (t1/2 (37 degrees C) = 32 s at pH 7.4) and the isolation of degradation products related to(More)
We have compared the antitumor activities of SP500263, a novel next-generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen, and raloxifene side-by-side in in vitro and in vivo MCF-7 breast cancer models. In vitro, SP500263 acted as an antiestrogen and potently inhibited estrogen-dependent MCF-7 proliferation with IC(50) values in the nanomolar(More)
Starting from a phenol screening hit (6), three series of benzopyranone selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been designed, synthesized, and analyzed for both estrogen receptor alpha binding affinity and in vitro activity in two cell assays. The lead compound identified, SP500263 (13), was more potent than raloxifene and tamoxifen in a(More)
Adenosine (ADO) is an extracellular signaling molecule within the central and peripheral nervous system. Its concentration is increased at sites of tissue injury and inflammation. One of the mechanisms by which antinociceptive and antiinflammatory effects of ADO can be enhanced consists of inhibition of adenosine kinase (AK), the primary metabolic enzyme(More)