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Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a stress-activated protein kinase that can be induced by inflammatory cytokines, bacterial endotoxin, osmotic shock, UV radiation, and hypoxia. We report the identification of an anthrapyrazolone series with significant inhibition of JNK1, -2, and -3 (K(i) = 0.19 microM). SP600125 is a reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor with(More)
Activating mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 are present in up to approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, implicating FLT3 as a driver of the disease and therefore as a target for therapy. We report the characterization of AC220, a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor, and a comparison of AC220 with the first-generation FLT3(More)
We determined the differential response of a novel SERM, SP500263, on estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and the more recently cloned ER-beta. Because of the high homology of amino acid residues in the ligand-binding domain of ER-alpha and ER-beta, we were not surprised to find that SP500263 binds to both ERs equally well. In contrast, SP500263 acts as a strong(More)
Treatment of AML patients with small molecule inhibitors of FLT3 kinase has been explored as a viable therapy. However, these agents are found to be less than optimal for the treatment of AML because of lack of sufficient potency or suboptimal oral pharmacokinetics (PK) or lack of adequate tolerability at efficacious doses. We have developed a series of(More)
In 1975, Hamberg et al. reported evidence for the existence of an unstable platelet-aggregating factor which they named thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and for which they proposed a novel bicyclic oxetane structure (1, below) based on the short half-life of the factor (t1/2 (37 degrees C) = 32 s at pH 7.4) and the isolation of degradation products related to(More)
We have compared the antitumor activities of SP500263, a novel next-generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), tamoxifen, and raloxifene side-by-side in in vitro and in vivo MCF-7 breast cancer models. In vitro, SP500263 acted as an antiestrogen and potently inhibited estrogen-dependent MCF-7 proliferation with IC(50) values in the nanomolar(More)
Starting from a phenol screening hit (6), three series of benzopyranone selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) have been designed, synthesized, and analyzed for both estrogen receptor alpha binding affinity and in vitro activity in two cell assays. The lead compound identified, SP500263 (13), was more potent than raloxifene and tamoxifen in a(More)
Adenosine (ADO) is an extracellular signaling molecule within the central and peripheral nervous system. Its concentration is increased at sites of tissue injury and inflammation. One of the mechanisms by which antinociceptive and antiinflammatory effects of ADO can be enhanced consists of inhibition of adenosine kinase (AK), the primary metabolic enzyme(More)
Under stressful conditions, many cells release adenosine to minimize tissue damage. Inhibition of intracellular adenosine kinase (AK) increases the local extracellular concentration of adenosine and its effect on traumatized tissue. The synthesis and SAR of a new series of pyridopyrimidines for the inhibition of AK are described. It was found that a range(More)
In this Letter we describe the optimization of an aminopurine lead (1) with modest potency and poor overall kinase selectivity which led to the identification of a series of potent, selective JNK inhibitors. Improvement in kinase selectivity was enabled by introduction of an aliphatic side chain at the C-2 position. CC-359 (2) was selected as a potential(More)