Shrinivas Kulkarni

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Curcumin is a major active principle of Curcuma longa, one of the widely used preparations in the Indian system of medicine. It is known for its diverse biological actions. The present study was designed to investigate the involvement of monoaminergic system(s) in the antidepressant activity of curcumin and the effect of piperine, a bioavailability(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of different doses of typical antipsychotics, chlorpromazine (0.25-1 mg/kg) and haloperidol (0.25-1 mg/kg), and atypical antipsychotics, clozapine (0.5-2 mg/kg), olanzapine (0.25-1 mg/kg), risperidone (0.5-2 mg/kg), sulpiride (10-40 mg/kg) and dopamine D1 antagonist, SCH 23390 (0.25-1 mg/kg) on feeding(More)
This study examined the effects of neurosteroids on the behavior of mice in the mirrored chamber test of anxiety, and determined the potential mechanisms by which neurosteroids alter the behavior in animal models of anxiety. Allopregnanolone (AP) (0.5 and 1 mg/kg) and pregnenolone sulfate (PS) (0.5 and 2 mg/kg) significantly reduced the latency to enter the(More)
Curcumin, a yellow pigment extracted from rhizomes of the plant Curcuma longa (turmeric), has been widely used as food additive and also as a herbal medicine throughout Asia. The present study was designed to study the pharmacological, biochemical and neurochemical effects of daily administration of curcumin to rats subjected to chronic unpredictable(More)
Experiments were designed to investigate the influence of estrous cycle and gender of the rat on the effects of a gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor active neurosteroid, 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone), the benzodiazepine, triazolam, and a GABA(A) receptor antagonistic neurosteroid, delta5-androsten-3beta-ol-17-one(More)
Chronic treatment with neuroleptics leads to the development of abnormal orofacial movements described as vacuous chewing movements (VCMs) in rats. Vacuous chewing movements in rodents are widely accepted as one of the animal models of tardive dyskinesia. Oxidative stress and the products of lipid peroxidation are implicated in the pathophysiology of(More)
Painful neuropathy, a common complication of diabetes mellitus is characterized by allodynia and hyperalgesia. Recent studies emphasized on the role of non-neuronal cells, particularly microglia in the development of neuronal hypersensitivity. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effect of minocyline, a selective inhibitor of microglial(More)
This study examined the putative inhibitory effect of the atypical antipsychotic, olanzapine, on dizocilpine (MK-801)-induced stereotypy and hyperlocomotion. Dizocilpine (0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) produced a dose-dependent increase in both stereotypy and hyperlocomotion. Pretreatment with olanzapine (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) inhibited the dizocilpine (0.5(More)
The forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) are widely used as animal models for screening potential antidepressants. Immobility or despair behavior produced in both FST and TST are taken as paradigm of depression and antidepressant drugs reduce the immobility period. Recent studies have suggested dissimilar hemodynamic, behavioral,(More)
Withania somnifera, popularly known as Ashwagandha is widely considered as the Indian ginseng. In Ayurveda, it is classified as a rasayana (rejuvenation) and expected to promote physical and mental health, rejuvenate the body in debilitated conditions and increase longevity. Having wide range of activity, it is used to treat almost all disorders that affect(More)