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The binding of tetrapeptide Lys-Trp-Gly-Lys OtBu to d-CpGpCpG has been studied by proton NMR at 90 MHz and 400 MHz. Changes in chemical shift have been observed in the temperature range 275-335 K. Interaction with tetrapeptide Lys-Ala-Ala-Lys NHEt has been studied in order to ascertain the contribution to changes in chemical shift due to the electrostatic(More)
The complete sequential assignment and conformation of d-GpCpGpC in D2O has been determined from 1D NMR spectra at 285-320 K and room temperature 2D-COSY and NOESY spectra. The tetradeoxynucleotide exists primarily as a right handed double helix at 285 K, having Tm as 314 K. On binding to a tripeptide Lys-Tyr-Lys in a concentration equimolar to(More)
The binding of oligopeptides Lys-Trp-Gly-Lys OtBu, Lys-Gly-Trp-Lys OtBu and Lys-Trp-Lys to Polyadenylic, Polycytidylic and Polyuridylic acid has been studied by Proton NMR at 90 MHz and 500 MHz at oligopeptide/Polynucleotide ratios ranging from 0.01 to 0.20 at 275-365 K. Downfield shift of 0.01-0.2 ppm at 296 K of the H2, H8 and H1' resonances of Poly A due(More)
Elucidation of the principal targets of the action of the antimalarial drug artemisinin is an ongoing pursuit that is important for understanding the action of this drug and for the development of more potent analogues. We have examined the chemical reaction of Hb with artemisinin. The protein-bound haem in Hb has been found to react with artemisinin much(More)
The optimum level of syndesmotic screw used in ankle fractures with a tibiofibular diastasis is not clear in the literature. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes in two groups of patients-those who had a syndesmotic screw placed through the syndesmosis itself (transsyndesmotic, 17 patients) and those who had a(More)
Information on the secondary structures and conformational manifestations of eukaryotic DNA and their biological significance with reference to gene regulation and expression is limited. The human beta-globin gene Locus Control Region (LCR), a dominant regulator of globin gene expression, is a contiguous piece of DNA with five tissue-specific DNase(More)
Cellular interactions play a key role in diverse biological processes within the cardiovascular system. Targeting of leukocytes to sites of inflammation is viewed as a multistage process of sequential involvement of distinct adhesion molecules on the leukocyte and endothelial cell (EC) surface that is dictated by the local fluid dynamic environment. For(More)
This study demonstrates that endothelial P-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), but not intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), are capable of supporting extensive primary adhesion of T cells under flow. To address this issue, we used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulated with histamine, interleukin-4 (IL-4), or(More)
This study identifies multiple pathways used by monocytes to adhere to 4-hour interleukin-1beta stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells under flow conditions. Physiologic shear stresses were simulated in a flow chamber with parallel plate geometry; quantitation of primary adhesion, secondary adhesion, and transmigration was performed using phase(More)
Homopurine.homopyrimidine (Pu.Py) tracts are likely to play important biological role in eukaryotes. Using circular dichroism, UV-thermal denaturation and gel electrophoresis, we have analyzed the structural polymorphism of a 21-bp Pu.Py DNA segment within human c-jun protooncogene 3'-region, a potential target for triplex formation. Results show that below(More)