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Medullary carcinomas of the pancreas are a recently described, histologically distinct subset of poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas that may have a unique pathogenesis and clinical course. To further evaluate these neoplasms, we studied genetic, pathological, and clinical features of 13 newly identified medullary carcinomas of the pancreas. Nine (69%) of(More)
Only a small percentage of primary prostate cancers have genetic changes. In contrast, nearly 90% of clinically significant human prostate cancers seems to express high levels of the nuclear phosphoprotein pp32 by in situ hybridization. Because pp32 inhibits oncogene-mediated transformation, we investigated its paradoxical expression in cancer by comparing(More)
The MLL gene at 11q23 is a site of frequent rearrangement in acute leukemia with multiple fusion partners. A relatively uncommon rearrangement, associated with infant AML-M4, fuses the MLL and SEPT6 genes. SEPT6, located at Xq24, is a member of a family of mammalian septins involved in diverse functions such as cytokinesis, cell polarity, and oncogenesis.(More)
Alternative use of genes of the closely-related pp32 family is a common occurrence in human prostate cancer. pp32r1 and pp32r2, the oncogenic members of the pp32 family, are expressed in prostatic adenocarcinoma, while adjacent benign prostate continues to express pp32. This study focuses upon the role of pp32 in tumor suppression. We demonstrate that(More)
Nuclear phosphoprotein 32 (pp32) inhibits K-ras induced transformation in experimental models. pp32 mRNA expression correlates with differentiation status in breast and prostate cancers. In this study, we evaluated pp32 protein expression in relation to the differentiation status of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and precursor lesions of the pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND pp32 is a differentiation-regulated nuclear phosphoprotein that is highly expressed in many cancers, but is restricted to self-renewing and long-lived normal cell populations. During murine embryogenesis, pp32 is expressed in primitive cell populations, diminishing as tissues terminally differentiate. Functionally, pp32 confers resistance to(More)
A uthentication of cell lines in biomedical research has been elevated to a very high priority. In a review of the literature , Lacroix 1 examined the issue of cross-contamination of cell lines including the well-known contamination of cell lines with HeLa cells, 2 and the misidentification of the ECV304 cell line as " immortalized endothelial cells " when(More)
Oncogenic potential in prostate cancer is modulated in part by alternative use of genes of the pp32 family. This family includes the tumor suppressor pp32, expressed in normal tissue, and the pro-oncogenic genes pp32r1 and pp32r2 that are found principally in neoplastic cells. At the protein level, pp32, pp32r1, and pp32r2 are approximately 90% identical,(More)