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The MLL gene at 11q23 is a site of frequent rearrangement in acute leukemia with multiple fusion partners. A relatively uncommon rearrangement, associated with infant AML-M4, fuses the MLL and SEPT6 genes. SEPT6, located at Xq24, is a member of a family of mammalian septins involved in diverse functions such as cytokinesis, cell polarity, and oncogenesis.(More)
Medullary carcinomas of the pancreas are a recently described, histologically distinct subset of poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas that may have a unique pathogenesis and clinical course. To further evaluate these neoplasms, we studied genetic, pathological, and clinical features of 13 newly identified medullary carcinomas of the pancreas. Nine (69%) of(More)
The high affinity neurotensin receptor (NTSR1) mediates most of the biologic effects of neurotensin (NT), a 13-amino acid peptide that stimulates growth in certain cell types. NT is expressed in fetal but not differentiated colonic epithelium and is re-expressed in colonic adenocarcinoma. The cognate receptor, NTSR1, is also not expressed or is present at a(More)
In situ hybridization is a technique to determine and localize target nucleic acids in morphologically preserved tissue sections. Recent advances in methods have greatly increased the sensitivity of the technique, and it is currently possible to detect extremely few copies of any given target sequence with nonisotopic methods. In this teaching review, we(More)
A uthentication of cell lines in biomedical research has been elevated to a very high priority. In a review of the literature , Lacroix 1 examined the issue of cross-contamination of cell lines including the well-known contamination of cell lines with HeLa cells, 2 and the misidentification of the ECV304 cell line as " immortalized endothelial cells " when(More)
The terminal components of complement C5b-C9 can cause significant injury to cardiac allografts. Using C6-deficient rats, we have found that the rejection of major histocompatibility (MHC) class I-incompatible PVG.R8 (RT1.A(a)B(u)) cardiac allografts by PVG.1U (RT1.A(u)B(u)) recipients is particularly dependent on C6. This model was selected to determine(More)
Alternative use of genes of the closely-related pp32 family is a common occurrence in human prostate cancer. pp32r1 and pp32r2, the oncogenic members of the pp32 family, are expressed in prostatic adenocarcinoma, while adjacent benign prostate continues to express pp32. This study focuses upon the role of pp32 in tumor suppression. We demonstrate that(More)
PURPOSE This was a pilot study conducted to examine the expression of osteopontin in uveal melanoma and to determine whether serum osteopontin can be used in detecting metastatic uveal melanoma. METHODS Osteopontin mRNA was measured in three uveal melanoma cell lines of various invasive potential by real-time PCR. Tissue sections of primary and metastatic(More)
BACKGROUND pp32 is a differentiation-regulated nuclear phosphoprotein that is highly expressed in many cancers, but is restricted to self-renewing and long-lived normal cell populations. During murine embryogenesis, pp32 is expressed in primitive cell populations, diminishing as tissues terminally differentiate. Functionally, pp32 confers resistance to(More)
Oncogenic potential in prostate cancer is modulated in part by alternative use of genes of the pp32 family. This family includes the tumor suppressor pp32, expressed in normal tissue, and the pro-oncogenic genes pp32r1 and pp32r2 that are found principally in neoplastic cells. At the protein level, pp32, pp32r1, and pp32r2 are approximately 90% identical,(More)