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BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumour is the most common sarcoma of the intestinal tract. Imatinib mesylate is a small molecule that inhibits activation of the KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha proteins, and is effective in first-line treatment of metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumour. We postulated that adjuvant treatment with(More)
Recent evidence suggests that polymorphic genetic variation in the non-coding region of mitochondrial DNA (the 16184-16193 polycytosine [poly-C] tract) contributes to the cause of type 2 diabetes, but previous studies only just reached significance. We aimed to investigate this association. We compared patients with type 2 diabetes (n=992) with two(More)
KIT gain of function mutations play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Imatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of ABL, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), and KIT and represents a new paradigm of targeted therapy against GISTs. Here we report for the first time that, after imatinib(More)
BACKGROUND A non-randomised, phase 2 study showed activity and tolerability of eribulin in advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. In this phase 3 study, we aimed to compare overall survival in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma who received eribulin with that in patients who received dacarbazine (an active control). METHODS We(More)
114 haemodynamically stable patients with acute head injury were randomised, double-blind, to either placebo or atenolol given intravenously (10 mg every 6 h) for 3 days then orally (100 mg daily) for a further 4 days. Both groups were equally stressed as shown by raised arterial noradrenaline levels. In patients receiving placebo, but not in those(More)
PURPOSE Standardized indications for treatment of tumor-related spinal instability are hampered by the lack of a valid and reliable classification system. The objective of this study was to determine the interobserver reliability, intraobserver reliability, and predictive validity of the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS). METHODS Clinical and(More)
Despite successful primary tumor treatment, the development of pulmonary metastasis continues to be the most common cause of mortality in patients with osteosarcoma. A conventional drug development path requiring drugs to induce regression of established lesions has not led to improvements for patients with osteosarcoma in more than 30 years. On the basis(More)
OBJECT Giant cell tumors (GCTs) of the spine are rare and complex to treat. They have a propensity for local recurrence and the potential to metastasize. Treatment is currently surgical and presents unique challenges due to the proximity of neural structures and the need for reconstruction. Denosumab has been shown in clinical trials to be an effective(More)
BACKGROUND The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown, although mycobacteria have been implicated. We examined sarcoid tissues for human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in addition to mycobacterial genomic sequences. METHODS Biopsy samples from 17 patients with sarcoidosis were studied (eight transbronchial, 27 lymph node, two skin, and two oral mucosa). We used tissues(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a pilot trial of occupational therapy (OT) to optimise functional independence in Parkinson disease (PD) to assess accrual/withdrawal rates, acceptability, outcome measures, and inform sample-size calculation. METHOD Non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and difficulties with activities of daily living (ADL) were recruited provided(More)