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OBJECTIVE Our prospective studies in Japan have found an increased ovarian cancer incidence in women with ovarian endometrioma (standardized incidence ratio, 8.95; 95% confidence intervals, 4.12-5.3). The risk increased with increasing age at ovarian endometrioma diagnosis. The goal of this study was to define the risk factor(s) of ovarian cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the commonest cause of gynecological cancer-related mortality. Although the prognosis for patients with advanced cancer is poor, there is a wide range of outcomes for individual patients. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to review molecular factors predictive of poor prognosis of women with EOC by reviewing(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is up-regulated in tissue repair and has been implicated in playing a role in this process through its anti-apoptotic and proliferative activities. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of prostaglandins, and its activation has been shown to play an important role in cell growth. We(More)
The detection of an ovarian mass during pregnancy is often a diagnostic challenge. We describe 2 cases of ovarian endometrioma during pregnancy with marked mural nodules on the cyst wall. The sonographic and MR imaging findings mimicked ovarian cancer. Surgical intervention may still be inevitable to exclude the possibility of malignancy.
This review summarizes data from recent molecular genetic and epidemiology studies of the generic term 'female pelvic cancer'. The English-language literature was reviewed for genetic, epigenetic, epidemiologic and environmental risk factors. There are well-documented disparities among racial and ethnic groups with(More)
BACKGROUND Various theories try to explain the development and progression of endometriosis, however, no single theory can explain all aspects of this disorder. Gene expression profiling studies might reveal factors that explain variability in disease development and progression, which can serve as specific biomarkers for endometriosis and novel drug(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal upper limit of the normal range for CA125 in ovarian cancer screening is unknown. We investigated the prevalence of ovarian cancer among women in the Shizuoka Cohort Study on Ovarian Cancer Screening (SCSOCS) trial who had an abnormal ultrasound (US) and a CA125 level of 35 U/ml or less. METHODS Of 48,027 women enrolled in the(More)
AIMS Up to 10% of pregnant women have preterm birth that might be refractory to current therapy. Infections and asphyxia related to preterm birth are the causes of death in the majority of neonates and therefore represent an urgent clinical need. METHODS The present article reviews the English language literature for preclinical and clinical trials and(More)
PROBLEM Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary has a number of features distinguishing it from other epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC) because of its characteristic histology and biology, frequent concurrence with endometriotic lesion, and highly chemoresistant nature resulting in an extremely poor prognosis. The incidence of CCC has been steadily(More)
BACKGROUND Endometriosis may cause symptoms including chronic pelvic pain and infertility, and increases susceptibility to the development of ovarian cancer. Genomic studies have started to delineate the wide array of mediators involved in the development of endometriosis. Understanding the mechanisms of endometriosis development and elucidating its(More)