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Neuropilin (previously A5) is a cell surface glycoprotein that was originally identified in Xenopus tadpole nervous tissues. In Xenopus, neuropilin is expressed on both the presynaptic and postsynaptic elements in the visual and general somatic sensory systems, suggesting a role in neuronal cell recognition. In this study, we identified a mouse homologue of(More)
Thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) is a recently identified CC chemokine that is expressed constitutively in thymus and transiently in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. TARC functions as a selective chemoattractant for T cells that express a class of receptors binding TARC with high affinity and specificity. To identify the(More)
N-cadherin is a Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion molecule, which was identified in brain cells of mouse and chicken. In the present study, we have determined the pattern of expression of N-cadherin in chicken embryos at various stages by means of immunohistochemistry. N-cadherin was expressed in cells derived from all three primary germ layers. Its(More)
Helper T cells are classified into Th1 and Th2 subsets based on their profiles of cytokine production. Th1 cells are involved in cell-mediated immunity, whereas Th2 cells induce humoral responses. Selective recruitment of these two subsets depends on specific adhesion molecules and specific chemoattractants. Here, we demonstrate that the T cell-directed CC(More)
The A5 antigen is a neuronal cell surface protein of Xenopus presumed to be involved in the neuronal recognition between the optic nerve fibers and the visual centers. Analyses of cDNA clones revealed that the A5 antigen is a class I membrane protein containing two different internal repeats in the extracellular segment. The first repeat bears homology to(More)
BoneSource-hydroxyapatite cement is a new self-setting calcium phosphate cement biomaterial. Its unique and innovative physical chemistry coupled with enhanced biocompatibility make it useful for craniofacial skeletal reconstruction. The general properties and clinical use guidelines are reviewed. The biomaterial and surgical applications offer insight into(More)
Left ventricular-arterial (VA) coupling has been recognized to be of great significance in understanding both the global and local mechanical performance of the circulatory system. In this study, a closed-loop multi-scale model of the human cardiovascular system is established for the purpose of studying the coupled VA hemodynamic changes during aging.(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors studied a large number of Japanese alcoholic patients and comparison subjects to establish the genotype frequencies of alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2) and mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) and to quantify the relative risk for alcoholism from the results. METHOD The subjects were 655 alcoholic patients and 461 comparison(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined strength and bioactive (remineralizing) properties of a powder/liquid formulation (Cement I) and a more practical two-paste formulation (Cement II) of a fluoride-releasing resin-based Ca-PO(4) cement. METHODS For the remineralization potential, the dissolution of calcium, total ionic phosphate and fluoride from set cement(More)