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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is one of the eight neurodegenerative diseases caused by a tri-nucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion coding polyglutamine (CAG repeat/polyglutamine diseases) and is characterized by late onset autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and predominant loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Although the causative, small and stable CAG(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 allele is established to be a risk factor for the development of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) which is associated with increased frequency of senile plaques and extent of amyloid angiopathy. In a recent report, we demonstrated that ApoE epsilon4 dosage correlates with an increase in A beta1-40 but not A(More)
To clarify the clinical, neuropathological, and molecular characteristics of spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6), two unrelated Japanese families with SCA6 were studied. A clinical feature of the two families was late onset "pure" cerebellar ataxia. Pathologically, three SCA6 brains consistently showed Purkinje cell dominant cortical cerebellar(More)
Aggregations of the alpha1A-calcium channel protein have been previously demonstrated in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6). Here the authors show that small aggregates, labeled by a monoclonal antibody 1C2 that preferentially detects expanded polyglutamine larger than that in SCA6 mutation, are present mainly in the cytoplasm but also in the nucleus of(More)
Cocaine is a popular and sometimes deadly drug of abuse. Its mechanisms of action have previously not been linked with receptors localized to presynaptic sites for the major central nervous system amino acid transmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate. We demonstrate that, within the dorsolateral septal nucleus of in vitro brain slices from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relevance of a Gly-->Arg substitution in codon 972 of the insulin receptor substrate-1 gene in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and NIDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The genotype of 1,106 Japanese subjects consisting of 310 subjects with NIDDM, 305 subjects with IGT, and 491 normal control subjects was analyzed by an(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of the polyglutamine stretch in the MJD gene-encoded protein, ataxin-3. Using a series of deletion constructs expressing ataxin-3 fragments with expanded polyglutamine stretches, we observed aggregate formation and cell death in cultured BHK-21 cells. The(More)
Intracellular recordings were made from neurons in the dorsolateral septal nucleus (DLSN) of rat brain slices. Lowering the concentration of extracellular glucose resulted in a concentration-dependent membrane hyperpolarization associated with a cessation of spontaneous firing. The amplitude of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP), inhibitory(More)