Shozo Koyama

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Nanotechnology is an emerging field that demands urgent development of adequate toxicology and risk assessment. The previous experimental data on carbon nanotube respiratory exposure strongly suggest the need for complex evaluation of potential toxicity. Our work demonstrates that after carbon nanotube deposition in the lung, acute local and systemic(More)
Carbon nanotubes hold great promise for use in biomedical fields. Among numerous potential applications, including DNA and protein sensors, bioseparators, biocatalysts, and tissue scaffolds, this article emphasizes the use of carbon-nanotube-filled polymer composites as medical devices, namely, microcatheters. The currently hot topic of the biocompatibility(More)
The localization of increased intrahepatic vascular resistance and the segmental vascular responsiveness to endothelin-1 are not well known in liver cirrhosis. We determined the segmental vascular resistances and their response to endothelin-1 of isolated portally perfused bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced cirrhotic rat livers. The portal occlusion pressure(More)
Here we describe the fabrication of nanocomposite-based microcatheter through-melt extrusion utilizing high-purity carbon nanotubes as filler and nylon as matrix. Homogeneous dispersion of carbon nanotubes in nylon can provide novel microcatheters with enhanced mechanical properties (easier to handle) and extremely reduced thrombogenicity or antithrombotic(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the roles of dendritic voltage-gated K+ channels in Ca2+ influx mechanism of a rat Purkinje cell using a computer simulation program. First, we improved the channel descriptions and the maximum conductance in the Purkinje cell model to mimic both the kinetics of ion channels and the Ca2+ spikes, which had failed(More)
We studied the effects of blood hematocrit (Hct), blood flow, or norepinephrine on segmental vascular resistances in isolated portally perfused rat livers. Total portal hepatic venous resistance (Rt) was assigned to the portal (Rpv), sinusoidal (Rsinus), and hepatic venous (Rhv) resistances using the portal occlusion (Ppo) and the hepatic venous occlusion(More)
These experiments were designed to investigate whether increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) in anesthetized dogs produces differential control of sympathetic nerve activities to various organs (heart, kidney, liver, and spleen) and if these sympathetic responses are modified by baroreceptors. We performed simultaneous multi-recordings of cardiac, renal,(More)
The responsiveness of the rapidly acting arterial pressure control system to hemorrhage and infusion was investigated. Two catheters, one for pressure measurement and the other for inducing hemorrhage and infusion, were chronically implanted in 19 rabbits. A few days after the operation, each animal was quickly bled and transfused (2 ml/kg body weight) at(More)
Over the last 10 years, 9 patients treated by surgical procedure for radiation injuries of the bowel were studied with the following conclusions: The damage to the small intestine caused by external irradiation leads to adhesion of the bowel, perforation and postoperative anastomotic dehiscence if the irradiated bowel is used in the anastomosis. Surgical(More)
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