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In theory, enrichment of resource in a predator-prey model leads to destabilization of the system,thereby collapsing the trophic interaction,a phenomenon referred to as "the paradox of enrichment". After it was first pro posed by Rosenzweig (1971), a number of subsequent studies were carried out on this dilemma over many decades. In this article, we review(More)
We propose and analyze a simple mathematical model for susceptible prey (S)-infected prey (I)-predator (P) interaction, where the susceptible prey population (S) is infected directly from external sources as well as through contact with infected class (I) and the predator completely avoids consuming the infected prey. The model is analyzed to obtain(More)
Simple predator-prey models with a prey-dependent functional response predict that enrichment (increased carrying capacity) destabilizes community dynamics: this is the 'paradox of enrichment'. However, the energy value of prey is very important in this context. The intraspecific chemical composition of prey species determines its energy value as a food for(More)
The coexistence of competitive species with a shared predator is well established. The effect of 'food-value' on predator-prey dynamics has also received much attention. However, the study of a nutrient bound of prey, specifically on predator-mediated competitive-coexistence has not received much attention. Here we study the effects of the caloric content(More)
Enrichment in resource availability theoretically destabilizes predator-prey dynamics (the paradox of enrichment). However, a minor change in the resource stoichiometry may make a prey toxic for the predator, and the presence of toxic prey affects the dynamics significantly. Here, theoretically we explore how, at increased carrying capacity, a toxic prey(More)
Migratory grazing of zooplankton between non-toxic phytoplankton (NTP) and toxic phytoplankton (TPP) is a realistic phenomena unexplored so far. The present article is a first step in this direction. A mathematical model of NTP–TPP-zooplankton with constant and variable zooplankton migration is proposed and analyzed. The asymptotic dynamics of the model(More)
A small group of phytoplankton species that produce toxic or allelopathic chemicals has a significant effect on plankton dynamics in marine ecosystems. The species of non-toxic phytoplankton, which are large in number, are affected by the toxin-allelopathy of those species. By analysis of the abundance data of marine phytoplankton collected from the(More)
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