Shouta Okada

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Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) regulates the production, survival and function of macrophages through Fms, the receptor tyrosine kinase. Recently, interleukin-34 (IL-34), which shares no sequence homology with M-CSF, was identified as an alternative Fms ligand. Here, we provide the first evidence that these ligands indeed resemble but are not(More)
The cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) gene of alkalophilic Bacillus sp. A2-5a was cloned and expressed in Bacillus subtilis ANA-1 as a host. The DNA region included an open reading frame encoding a 704-amino-acid polypeptide with a typical raw starch-binding motif in its C-terminal region. The CGTase purified from Bacillus sp. A2-5a bound to raw(More)
DNA damage is attended by rapid recruitment of endogenous type I topoisomerase (topo I) into covalent cleavage complexes with genomic DNA in vivo. In contrast, endogenous topoisomerase II alpha and beta are not stimulated by DNA damage. We show that topo I and p53 are able to associate at arrested topo I-genomic DNA covalent complexes in vivo, suggesting(More)
To clarify whether p53 mutation could be involved in the pathogenesis of various subtypes of lymphoma, we investigated 62 Japanese cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHLs) for p53 gene mutations and their relationship with the expression of p53 protein. Mutations in exons 5–9 of the p53 gene were screened for using the non-isotopic RNase cleavage assay(More)
The bacterial cell-wall peptidoglycan peptides and related compounds coupled with some fatty acids were synthesized, and their immunostimulating property was examined by carbon clearance assay. All the new compounds (2–6) proved to possess significant potencies superior to that of FK-156 (1).