Shouhong Gao

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Rational engineering to produce biologically active plant compounds has been greatly impeded by our poor understanding of the regulatory and metabolic pathways underlying the biosynthesis of these compounds. Here we capitalized on our previously described gene-to-metabolite network in order to engineer rosmarinic acid (RA) biosynthesis pathway for the(More)
The aim of this work was to examine rosmarinic acid and its derivative lithospermic acid B accumulation, as well as related gene transcript and metabolite profiling in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiacae) hairy root cultures, in response to methyl jasmonate (0.1 mM). Results showed methyl jasmonate dramatically enhanced both rosmarinic acid and lithospermic(More)
LAB (lithospermic acid B) is a dimer of RA (rosmarinic acid) and has been suggested to be derived from RA, but the detailed biosynthesis process has not yet been identified. The accumulation of RA has been intensively investigated in the plant species of Boraginaceae and Lamiaceae. In the present study, we report that silver ions (Ag+; 15 microM), an(More)
A rapid, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of Timosaponin B-II (TB-II), a pharmacologically active constituent isolated from Anemarrhena asphodeloides. This method was used to examine the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of TB-II in rats using(More)
Timosaponin B-II (TB-II) is a natural bioactive steroid glycoside extracted from the Chinese medicinal herb Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (Fam. Liliaceae). It has been demonstrated to have a good anti-inflammatory effect and a low bioavailability (1.1%). Clinical research has focused on developing it into a completely new medicine. In this study, a rapid(More)
BACKGROUND A rapid and sensitive analytical method using liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed for the determination of paclitaxel, docetaxel, vinblastine, and vinorelbine in human plasma. METHODS A simple liquid-liquid extraction procedure was applied using only 100-μL plasma.(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which contains tanshinones and phenolic acids as major classes of bioactive components, is one of the most widely used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Production of tanshinones and phenolic acids is enhanced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Transcription factor MYC2 is the switch of jasmontes signaling in plants. Here, we(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a major health concern, affecting nearly 10% of the population. Here we describe a potential novel therapeutic agent for this disease, X-3, a derivative of mangiferin. Therapeutic administration of X-3 significantly and dose-dependently reduced plasma glucose and triglycerides in db/db mice following 8 week-treatments. Treatment with(More)
Root and leaf tissue of Isatis indigotica shows notable anti-viral efficacy, and are widely used as "Banlangen" and "Daqingye" in traditional Chinese medicine. The plants' pharmacological activity is attributed to phenylpropanoids, especially a group of lignan metabolites. However, the biosynthesis of lignans in I. indigotica remains opaque. This study(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE To investigate the synergistic property of Platycodonis radix (PG) in a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription Shengxian decoction (SXT) by combining chemical profile with pharmacokinetic analysis strategy. The synergized prescription consisted of Astragali radix, Anemarrhenae rhizoma, Bupleuri radix, and(More)