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Rational engineering to produce biologically active plant compounds has been greatly impeded by our poor understanding of the regulatory and metabolic pathways underlying the biosynthesis of these compounds. Here we capitalized on our previously described gene-to-metabolite network in order to engineer rosmarinic acid (RA) biosynthesis pathway for the(More)
The aim of this work was to examine rosmarinic acid and its derivative lithospermic acid B accumulation, as well as related gene transcript and metabolite profiling in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiacae) hairy root cultures, in response to methyl jasmonate (0.1 mM). Results showed methyl jasmonate dramatically enhanced both rosmarinic acid and lithospermic(More)
A rapid, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of Timosaponin B-II (TB-II), a pharmacologically active constituent isolated from Anemarrhena asphodeloides. This method was used to examine the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of TB-II in rats using(More)
Timosaponin B-II (TB-II) is a natural bioactive steroid glycoside extracted from the Chinese medicinal herb Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (Fam. Liliaceae). It has been demonstrated to have a good anti-inflammatory effect and a low bioavailability (1.1%). Clinical research has focused on developing it into a completely new medicine. In this study, a rapid(More)
LAB (lithospermic acid B) is a dimer of RA (rosmarinic acid) and has been suggested to be derived from RA, but the detailed biosynthesis process has not yet been identified. The accumulation of RA has been intensively investigated in the plant species of Boraginaceae and Lamiaceae. In the present study, we report that silver ions (Ag+; 15 microM), an(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which contains tanshinones and phenolic acids as major classes of bioactive components, is one of the most widely used herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Production of tanshinones and phenolic acids is enhanced by methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Transcription factor MYC2 is the switch of jasmontes signaling in plants. Here, we(More)
A rapid and sensitive method using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous quantitative determination of valproic acid and three major metabolites (3-OH-valproic acid, 4-ene-valproic acid and 5-OH-valproic acid) in human plasma. The analytes and internal standard were isolated from 200 μL(More)
BACKGROUND A rapid and sensitive analytical method using liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed for the determination of paclitaxel, docetaxel, vinblastine, and vinorelbine in human plasma. METHODS A simple liquid-liquid extraction procedure was applied using only 100-μL plasma.(More)
A sensitive and reliable liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of active components, i.e., xanthone glycosides (neomangiferin and mangiferin), timosaponins (timosaponin E1, timosaponin B-II and timosaponin B) and alkaloids (palmatine and(More)
A simple and sensitive high performance liquid chromatography method with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was developed for simultaneous determination of eight bioactive constituents (schisandrin, schisandrol B, schisantherin A, schisanhenol, anwulignan, deoxyshisandrin, schisandrin B and schisandrin C) in the ripe fruit of Schisandra sphenanthera and(More)