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Sequences of 234 complete genomes and 631 hepatitis B surface antigen genes were used to assess the worldwide diversity of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Apart from the described two subgenotypes each for A and F, also B, C, and D divided into four subgenotypes each in the analysis of complete genomes supported by significant bootstrap values. The subgenotypes of(More)
Most cases with antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis have been attributed to isoniazid. Isoniazid is metabolized by hepatic N-acetyltransferase (NAT) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to form hepatotoxins. However, the role of CYP2E1 in this hepatotoxicity has not yet been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the polymorphism of the(More)
The sequencing data for two mtDNA segments in control region I and II, 385 and 341 nucleotides long, respectively, for 306 unrelated Koreans are presented. In regions I and II, 139 and 58 polymorphic sites, respectively, were noted. These were distributed evenly along the control region, though the frequency of each site was variable. Nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) induces hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mainly by causing chronic necroinflammatory hepatic disease. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the inflammatory hepatocarcinogenesis by examining whether genetic variations in cytokines, antioxidant enzymes, and DNA repair genes affect the HCC risk. METHODS We analyzed 10(More)
Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes DNA damage. An arginine (Arg)-to-glutamine (Gln) polymorphism at codon 399 in the XRCC1 gene is putatively associated with DNA damage. In a case-control study of 577 HBV surface antigen carriers with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 389 HBV carrier control subjects, we investigated the association(More)
The clinical usefulness of ex vivo interferon-gamma assays may largely depend on the assay format and epidemiological status of tuberculosis (TB) in the region studied. From July 2004 to June 2005 a prospective comparison study was undertaken at a tertiary referral hospital in South Korea. The results of tuberculin skin tests (TST) and the commercially(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Differences in efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and surgical resection (SR) are not clear for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS From 2002 to 2007, 419 patients with HCCs ≤5 cm were enrolled consecutively in the study. Among these patients, 190 and 229 patients received RFA and SR, respectively, as their first(More)
Antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis is one of the most prevalent drug-induced liver injuries. Isoniazid is the major drug incriminated in this hepatotoxicity. Isoniazid is mainly metabolized to hepatotoxic intermediates by N-acetyltransferase (NAT). However, the association of polymorphic NAT acetylator status and antituberculosis drug-induced hepatitis(More)
OBJECTIVE Proinflammatory cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. The value of serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1-beta, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 in predicting the outcome of acute pancreatitis was evaluated. METHODS In 50 patients with acute pancreatitis, the serum concentrations of tumor necrosis(More)
PURPOSE Persistent interleukin-8 (IL-8) production contributes to chronic inflammation of the stomach. The proinflammatory IL-1beta polymorphisms, which enhance the cytokine production, are associated with increased risk of gastric cancer. The -251A/T polymorphism of the IL-8 promoter is involved in several human diseases. Particularly, the -251A is(More)