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BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) induces hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mainly by causing chronic necroinflammatory hepatic disease. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the inflammatory hepatocarcinogenesis by examining whether genetic variations in cytokines, antioxidant enzymes, and DNA repair genes affect the HCC risk. METHODS We analyzed 10(More)
PURPOSE Persistent interleukin-8 (IL-8) production contributes to chronic inflammation of the stomach. The proinflammatory IL-1beta polymorphisms, which enhance the cytokine production, are associated with increased risk of gastric cancer. The -251A/T polymorphism of the IL-8 promoter is involved in several human diseases. Particularly, the -251A is(More)
The sequencing data for two mtDNA segments in control region I and II, 385 and 341 nucleotides long, respectively, for 306 unrelated Koreans are presented. In regions I and II, 139 and 58 polymorphic sites, respectively, were noted. These were distributed evenly along the control region, though the frequency of each site was variable. Nucleotide(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes a persistent infection, chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV NS5A, one of non-structural proteins of HCV, was suggested to play a role in oncogenic transformation. Since the tumor suppressor p53 is important for preventing neoplastic transformation, we investigated the functional effects of HCV NS5A on p53. In(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) levels correlate with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the role of viral load in HCC recurrence after tumor resection remains unclear. Herein we aimed to investigate the role of viral load in HCC recurrence following tumor resection. METHODS From 1990 to 2002, 193 HBV-related HCC patients who(More)
BACKGROUND The models for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and serum sodium (SNa) are important prognostic markers in cirrhosis. A novel index, MELD to SNa ratio (MESO), was developed to amplify the opposing effect of MELD and SNa on outcome prediction. METHODS A total of 213 cirrhotic patients undergoing hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement(More)
Visceral pain/discomfort is the cardinal complaints and treatment targets for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). However, effective treatment for such pain is limited and often associated with high placebo effects. The mechanisms of placebo effects in visceral pain are unclear. We used functional neuroimaging to study the central representations(More)
Caveolae are small plasma membrane invaginations that have been implicated in cell signaling, and caveolin is a principal structural component of the caveolar membrane. Previously we have demonstrated that protein kinase Calpha (PKCalpha) directly interacts with phospholipase D1 (PLD1), activating the enzymatic activity of PLD1 in the presence of phorbol(More)
SETTING The medical intensive care unit of a tertiary referral hospital. OBJECTIVE To determine the prognosis of patients whose lungs are damaged by previous and/or present tuberculosis infection and who have subsequently been presented with acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. DESIGN A consecutive series of 38 patient cases with(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for gallbladder (GB) polyps in the Chinese population. METHODS A prospective ultrasonographic study of GB polyps was conducted in 3647 Chinese subjects who received a paid physical checkup at this hospital. Their demographic characteristics and biochemical parameters were recorded. Ultrasonographic(More)