A high cervical myelopathy due to atlas hypoplasia is described in a 56-year-old man; the condition caused marked segmental compression of the spinal cord. A remarkable neurological recovery followed decompressive laminectomy of the atlas and adjacent regions. The authors discuss the embryology and etiology of this anomaly.
Near infrared topography was used for functional imaging of the sensorimotor cortex of newborn infants during passive knee movement under sedated sleep. Contralateral knee movement caused a marked increase in oxyhemoglobin and total hemoglobin from the baseline values at almost all locations in the primary sensorimotor area of all neonates and a decrease in… (More)
Near-infrared topography with indocyanine green was used to measure regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the temporal lobes of infants. The mean rCBF in infants without neural abnormality was 14.5 +/- 3.1 ml/100 g/min, and the rCBFs in the fronto-temporal, temporal, and occipito-temporal regions were 15.1 +/- 3.9, 15.4 +/- 3.3, and 14.6 +/- 3.3 ml/100… (More)
Three cases of acute subdural hematoma without head injury, but associated with bleeding from cortical artery are described. Case 1: a 74-year-old male had sudden headache during a bronchial asthma attack followed by deterioration of consciousness. He was deeply comatose on admission, and CT scans revealed a huge subdural hematoma. Evacuation of the large… (More)
A spinal cord injury leads to disturbances of sensory and motor signals due to the damage to white matter and myelinated fiber tracts. Moreover, the damage to gray matter causes segmental loss of interneurons of dorsal horn and motoneurons and restricts the therapeutic options. Neuroprotective strategies have the potential to improve the neurological… (More)
Brown-Sequard Syndrome (BSS) caused by cervical spondylosis (CS) is rare. About 70% of patients with CS presenting with BSS show lesion-dermatome discrepancy, which may be due to spinal cord lamination. From the clinical point of view, this discrepancy should be carefully evaluated and these patients should be treated as an emergency.
Utilizing small animal magnetocardiograms (MCG), we have developed a diagnostic method to detect the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a rat heart. We obtained multiple MCG of rats with monocrotaline-induced PH and monitored the development of pathophysiological conditions. Current dipole estimation was then applied to determine the association… (More)
We report two cases of brain abscess, which developed at the site of an intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in a 75-year-old man and a 32-year-old-man. The patients recovered after surgical treatment and systemic antibiotic therapy. The route of infection could not be detected in either case. The literature contains only 13 reported cases of brain abscess as a… (More)
There are no reports of hydrocephalus following radiosurgery for a meningioma. We report on a case where gamma knife therapy for a 4 cm diameter right cerebellopontine meningioma accelerated hydrocephalus three months post treatment. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed a high protein level and thus, CSF malabsorption and CSF obstruction… (More)
The aim was to compare fast short time inversion recovery (FSTIR) images and fat suppression, contrast enhanced T(1) weighted (FSCE T1W) spin echo images in the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). 102 MR studies were obtained with a 1.0 T or a 1.5 T system in 28 patients with NPC. The MR studies comprised both FSTIR and FSCE T1W images. FSTIR and… (More)