Shotaro Hobo

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BACKGROUND Lumbar intrathecal injection of oxytocin produces antinociception in rats and analgesia in humans. Classically, oxytocin receptors couple to stimulatory G proteins, increase inositol-3-phosphate production, and result in neuronal excitation. Most work to date has focused on a spinal site of oxytocin to excite γ-aminobutyric acid interneurons to(More)
Valproate produces analgesia in animals and humans, however, its mechanisms of action are yet unknown. The present study examined effects of repeated administration of valproate on behavioral hypersensitivity and expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) and glutamate-aspartate transporter (GLAST) in the spinal dorsal horn in rats after L5-L6 spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral studies in animals suggest that spinally released oxytocin should produce analgesia in humans and may also protect from chronic pain after injury. In this article, the authors report preclinical toxicity screening of oxytocin for intrathecal delivery. METHODS Intrathecal oxytocin, 11 μg (6 U) or vehicle,(More)
INTRODUCTION Monoaminergic pathways, impinging an α2-adrenoceptors and 5-HT3 serotonin receptors, modulate nociceptive transmission, but their mechanisms and interactions after neuropathic injury are unknown. Here we examine these interactions in rodents after nerve injury. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats following L5-L6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) were(More)
We retrospectively investigated the incidence of potential sugammadex-induced anaphylaxis at a single center in Japan over a period of 3 years. The overall incidence of intraoperative hypersensitivity reaction was 0.22% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.17%-0.29%), and the incidence of anaphylaxis was 0.059% (95% CI, 0.032%-0.10%). The total number of(More)
This study was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of enhancement of volatile anesthetics by neuromuscular blocking agents in rats and to consider the relevance of this enhancement to clinical anesthesia. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were used. After confirming a movement in response to tail clamping under 1.1 % isoflurane anesthesia, response was determined(More)
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