Shota Nakamura

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Influenza A viruses are a major cause of mortality. Given the potential for future lethal pandemics, effective drugs are needed for the treatment of severe influenza such as that caused by H5N1 viruses. Using mediator lipidomics and bioactive lipid screen, we report that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-derived lipid mediator protectin D1 (PD1)(More)
With the severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic of 2003 and renewed attention on avian influenza viral pandemics, new surveillance systems are needed for the earlier detection of emerging infectious diseases. We applied a "next-generation" parallel sequencing platform for viral detection in nasopharyngeal and fecal samples collected during seasonal(More)
OBJECTIVE The intestinal microbiota is involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis. Altered microbiota composition has been demonstrated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it remains unclear how dysbiosis contributes to the development of arthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether altered composition of human intestinal(More)
Six cyclohexylacetic acid-degrading strains were isolated from soil samples in Japan and identified as members of the genera Cupriavidus (strain KUA-1), Rhodococcus, and Dietzia by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. For the first time members of these genera were shown to be capable of degrading cyclohexylacetic acid. A selected strain, KUA-1, which is the(More)
To examine associations between clinical features of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 infections in humans in Thailand and genotypic profiles of isolates, we conducted a retrospective study during 2006-2008. Of 165 patients for whom bacterial cultures of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or both were positive for S. suis serotype 2, the major multilocus sequence(More)
Genetic polymorphism of human factor I (C3b inactivator) has been described using polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing electrophoresis of neuraminidase-treated EDTA plasma samples followed by electrophoretic blotting technique. In 435 individuals three different common patterns were observed, and these were controlled by two common alleles at a single(More)
OBJECTIVES Surgical resection is widely accepted as a beneficial treatment of pulmonary metastases originating from osteogenic and soft tissue sarcomas despite adequate validation. The factors associated with the selection of patients who receive pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) are controversial and not well known. In this study, we aimed to identify the(More)
P. cynomolgi, a malaria-causing parasite of Asian Old World monkeys, is the sister taxon of P. vivax, the most prevalent malaria-causing species in humans outside of Africa. Because P. cynomolgi shares many phenotypic, biological and genetic characteristics with P. vivax, we generated draft genome sequences for three P. cynomolgi strains and performed(More)
Poor health and malnutrition in preschool children are longstanding problems in Bangladesh. Gut microbiota plays a tremendous role in nutrient absorption and determining the state of health. In this study, metagenomic tool was employed to assess the gut microbiota composition of healthy and malnourished children. DNA was extracted from fecal samples of(More)