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Genetic polymorphism of human factor I (C3b inactivator) has been described using polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing electrophoresis of neuraminidase-treated EDTA plasma samples followed by electrophoretic blotting technique. In 435 individuals three different common patterns were observed, and these were controlled by two common alleles at a single(More)
OBJECTIVE The intestinal microbiota is involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis. Altered microbiota composition has been demonstrated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it remains unclear how dysbiosis contributes to the development of arthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether altered composition of human intestinal(More)
Simultaneous HPLC assay of 1-adamantanamine hydrochloride (amantadine) and its four related compounds [2-adamantanamine hydrochloride (2-ADA), 1-adamantanmethylamine (ADAMA), 1-(1-adamantyl)ethylamine hydrochloride (rimantadine) and 3,5-dimethyl-1-adamantanamine hydrochloride (memantine)] in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.4) after pre-column derivatization(More)
Genetic polymorphism of C7 in a Japanese population has been described, using polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing electrophoresis followed by an electrophoretic blotting technique. Phenotypes of C7 were classified into six common patterns, and observed phenotypes were produced by autosomal codominant at a single locus with three alleles. Three common(More)
We recently reported that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of coronary spasm. We hypothesized that oxidative-stress-related genetic factors and certain polymorphisms in the paraoxonase gene (PON1) and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) might influence the pathogenesis of coronary spasm. We therefore examined the possible(More)
Influenza A viruses are a major cause of mortality. Given the potential for future lethal pandemics, effective drugs are needed for the treatment of severe influenza such as that caused by H5N1 viruses. Using mediator lipidomics and bioactive lipid screen, we report that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-derived lipid mediator protectin D1 (PD1)(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the recently emerged Asian H5N1 virus (A/crow/Kyoto/53/2004) were generated. From five anti-hemagglutinin (HA) MAbs, four antibodies (3C11, 4C12, 3H12, and 3H4) broadly in vitro recognized and neutralized H5 subtypes, including H5N1. By contrast, the 4G6 MAb specifically reacted with H5N1-HA and not with H5N2- or(More)
Poor health and malnutrition in preschool children are longstanding problems in Bangladesh. Gut microbiota plays a tremendous role in nutrient absorption and determining the state of health. In this study, metagenomic tool was employed to assess the gut microbiota composition of healthy and malnourished children. DNA was extracted from fecal samples of(More)
Organotin compounds such as triphenyltin (TPT) and tributyltin (TBT) act as endocrine disruptors through the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) signaling pathway. We recently found that TPT is a particularly strong agonist of PPARγ. To elucidate the mechanism underlying organotin-dependent PPARγ activation, we here analyzed the(More)