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The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis harbors a type III ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rbc(Tk)). It has previously been shown that Rbc(Tk) is capable of supporting photoautotrophic and photoheterotrophic growth in a mesophilic host cell, Rhodopseudomonas palustris Delta3, whose three native Rubisco genes had been(More)
A bacterial arylmalonate decarboxylase (AMDase) catalyzes asymmetric decarboxylation of unnatural arylmalonates to produce optically pure (R)-arylcarboxylates without the addition of cofactors. Previously, we designed an AMDase variant G74C/C188S that displays totally inverted enantioselectivity. However, the variant showed a 20,000-fold reduction in(More)
The analysis of the 6.8-Mbp draft genome sequence of the phenylmalonate-assimilating bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica KU1201 identified 6,358 protein-coding sequences. This will give us an insight into the catabolic variability of this strain for aromatic compounds, along with the roles of arylmalonate decarboxylases in nature.
Removal of lipid from detergent-solubilized succinate cytochrome c reductase by a mild method leads to a series of changes in the optical and EPR spectra of the b cytochromes. This culminates in a state that resembles purified b cytochromes from the same source and bisimidazole ferriheme model complexes. Reconstitution of the lipid-depleted complex with(More)
Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) is used extensively worldwide in plastic products, and its accumulation in the environment has become a global concern. Because the ability to enzymatically degrade PET has been thought to be limited to a few fungal species, biodegradation is not yet a viable remediation or recycling strategy. By screening natural(More)
Ribose-1,5-bisphosphate isomerase (R15Pi) is a novel enzyme recently identified as a member of an AMP metabolic pathway in archaea. The enzyme converts d-ribose 1,5-bisphosphate into ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, providing the substrate for archaeal ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenases. We here report the crystal structures of R15Pi from(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1 harbors a structurally novel, Type III Rubisco (Rbc(Tk)). In terms of protein engineering of Rubiscos, the enzyme may provide an alternative target to the conventional Type I and Type II enzymes. With a future aim to improve the catalytic properties of Rbc(Tk), here we examined whether or not(More)
AMP phosphorylase (AMPpase), ribose-1,5-bisphosphate (R15P) isomerase, and type III ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) have been proposed to constitute a novel pathway involved in AMP metabolism in the Archaea. Here we performed a biochemical examination of AMPpase and R15P isomerase from Thermococcus kodakarensis. R15P isomerase was(More)
Yang et al suggest that the use of low-crystallinity poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) exaggerates our results. However, the primary focus of our study was identifying an organism capable of the biological degradation and assimilation of PET, regardless of its crystallinity. We provide additional PET depolymerization data that further support several other(More)
The Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle is responsible for carbon dioxide fixation in all plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. The enzyme that catalyzes the carbon dioxide-fixing reaction is ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). Rubisco from a hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis (Tk-Rubisco) belongs to the type III group, and(More)