Shosuke Kojo

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AIMS Sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1), its product sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), and S1P receptor subtypes have been suggested to play protective roles for cardiomyocytes in animal models of ischaemic preconditioning and cardiac ischaemia/reperfusion injury. To get more insight into roles for SPHK1 in vivo, we have generated SPHK1-transgenic (TG) mice and(More)
Eighteen and twenty-four hours after intraperitoneal administration of D-galactosamine (1g/kg body weight) to rats, the activity of caspase-3-like protease in the liver increased significantly compared with that in the control group given saline. Histological examinations including the in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end(More)
Vitamin C (ASC) is well known as an outstanding antioxidant in animal tissues. This concept is reviewed from a chemical standpoint, starting from a chemical view of radical reactions in the cell. ASC, vitamin E, and lipid hydroperoxide were selected as key molecules involved in radical reactions in the cell, and their efficiencies as an index of oxidative(More)
Relative reactivities of proteins to radical reactions caused in human plasma were studied for the first time utilizing an immunoblotting assay. When radical reactions were caused by Cu(2+), apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB) underwent extensive fragmentation concurrently with the decrease in alpha-tocopherol, while human serum albumin (HSA) and transferrin (TF)(More)
Thioacetamide (400 mg/kg body weight, i.p.) was administered to rats. After 12 h the activity of plasma glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) was significantly higher than that of the control group, and after 24 h plasma GOT and GPT activities strongly increased. These results indicated that the necrotic process(More)
Racemic D,L-asparagine induced spontaneous asymmetric resolution of co-existing D,L-phenylalanine or D,L-tryptophan by recrystallization from a homogeneous aqueous solution, and the enantiomeric excess of phenylalanine or tryptophan in the resulting crystals correlated linearly with that of asparagine crystallized with phenylalanine or tryptophan.
After 12 h of thioacetamide (500 mg/kg body weight) administration to rats, the activity of caspase-3-like protease in the liver increased significantly compared to that in the control group. In plasma, the activity of caspase-3 was barely detectable in the control rat, but had increased significantly after 24 h of drug administration along with a dramatic(More)
After 12, 18, and 24 h of oral administration of carbon tetrachloride (as a 1:1 mixture with mineral oil: 4 ml/kg body weight) to rats, the activity of caspase-3-like protease in the liver increased significantly compared to that in the control group that was given mineral oil (4 ml/kg). In plasma, the activity of caspase-3 was barely detectable in the(More)
The tissue concentration of lipid hydroperoxides, which was determined by a specific method involving chemical derivatization and HPLC, increased significantly in the heart, liver, kidney and muscle of diabetic rats 8 weeks after the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin compared with that of the control group. These results demonstrate that an(More)
A significant increase in plasma glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase was observed 6 h after intraperitoneal administration of D-galactosamine (D-Galn). Three hours after administration of D-Galn, the vitamin C concentration in the liver decreased significantly compared to that in a control group and thereafter the hepatic(More)