Shoso Yamamoto

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Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based sensors have been used to detect the binding between interactive molecules. We applied the SPR technology to the analysis of interactions between living cells and molecules reactive to the cells, using mast cells and mast cell-reactive antigens. The exposure of dinitrophenol-human serum albumin (DNP-HSA), an antigen(More)
BACKGROUND A simple list of diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis for use in epidemiological studies was developed by a U.K. working party. This list served well for both hospital patients with skin diseases and in general population within the U.K. OBJECTIVES To validate the U.K. diagnostic criteria in Japanese elementary schoolchildren, we collected(More)
Fetal liver kinase-2 (flk-2/flt-3) is a newly discovered type III receptor tyrosine kinase. Other members of this family include stem cell factor (SCF) receptor (c-kit) [1], colonystimulating factor type-1 (CSF-1) receptor (c-fms) [2] and platelet-derived growth factor receptor [3]. It has been demonstrated that flk-2/flt-3 is expressed in populations(More)
Sweating aggravates itch in atopic dermatitis, but the mechanism is unclear. In this study, we examined the involvement of type I hypersensitivity in the aggravation of atopic dermatitis by sweating. Skin tests with autologous sweat were positive in 56 of 66 patients (84.4%) with atopic dermatitis, but only in 3 of 27 healthy volunteers (11.1%). Sweat(More)
Increased serum IgE levels are found in atopic diseases, especially atopic dermatitis. It is generally accepted that the high serum IgE levels are increased by exposure to exogenous antigens. However, exposure to antigens in the absence of proper adjuvants does not usually increase serum IgE. Here, we studied the involvement of skin factor(s) in increasing(More)
We investigated the increase in mast cell numbers at the sites of inoculation of keratinocyte-derived squamous cell carcinoma cell line (KCMH-1) cells in mice. A significant increase in the number of mast cells was observed at the sites of tumours developed at the sites of inoculation of the KCMH-1 cells. Enhancement of mast cell growth was observed by(More)
The increase of serum IgE levels is closely associated with atopic dermatitis. We have previously revealed that cellular extract of PAM212 cells (PAM-extract), BALB/c mouse keratinocyte cell line, induced a remarkable increase of serum IgE levels, in vivo, when subcutaneously injected into BALB/c mice. However, precise mechanism of IgE-increasing activity(More)
Histamine, an important mediator in immediate-type hypersensitivity, is elevated in the skin of patients with atopic dermatitis and is considered to play a pathogenic role in atopic dermatitis. In this study, to elucidate the mechanism of sun exposure-induced exacerbation of skin lesions in atopic dermatitis, we examined the effect of histamine on(More)
Substance P (SP) induces increased vascular permeability, vasodilatation and granulocyte infiltration upon intradermal injection. Studies with antagonists and mast cell-deficient mice have suggested that granulocyte infiltration in response SP is mediated by leukotriene (LT) B4 derived from mast cells. However, the release of LTB4 has not been detected(More)
Substance P (SP) selectively activates mast cells that reside in connective tissues. We studied the reactions of bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) of three mouse strains, cultured with or without fibroblasts. BMMC co-cultured with fibroblasts, but not those cultured alone, increased intracellular Ca(2+), released LTB(4) and histamine in response to SP.(More)