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The etiology and pathophysiology of anxiety and mood disorders is linked to inappropriate regulation of the central stress response. To determine whether microRNAs have a functional role in the regulation of the stress response, we inactivated microRNA processing by a lentiviral-induced local ablation of the Dicer gene in the central amygdala (CeA) of adult(More)
A combination of PCR-Select cDNA subtraction and gene array hybridization was used to identify differentially expressed genomic markers in brains of rats fed for 3 weeks in utero and 2 weeks after birth on an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-deficient diet supplied to dams. Total RNA was isolated, switch mechanism at 5'-end of the RNA transcripts(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has a key role in the central stress response, and altered levels of this neuropeptide are linked to stress-related psychopathologies such as anxiety and depression. These disorders are associated with the inability to properly regulate stress response, specifically following exposure to prolonged stressful stimuli.(More)
Responding to stressful events requires numerous adaptive actions involving integrated changes in the central nervous and neuroendocrine systems. Numerous studies have implicated dysregulation of stress-response mechanisms in the etiology of stress-induced psychopathophysiologies. The urocortin neuropeptides are members of the corticotropin-releasing factor(More)
The urocortin (Ucn) family of neuropeptides is suggested to be involved in homeostatic coping mechanisms of the central stress response through the activation of corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 2 (CRFR2). The neuropeptides, Ucn1 and Ucn2, serve as endogenous ligands for the CRFR2, which is highly expressed by the dorsal raphe serotonergic(More)
In response to physiological or psychological challenges, the brain activates behavioral and neuroendocrine systems linked to both metabolic and emotional outputs designed to adapt to the demand. However, dysregulation of integration of these physiological responses to challenge can have severe psychological and physiological consequences, and inappropriate(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disease, which affects 8-10% of the population exposed to traumatic events. The factors that make certain individuals susceptible to PTSD and others resilient are currently unknown. Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 2 (CRFR2) has been implicated in mediating stress coping mechanisms. Here, we(More)
  • J Boger, R L Hahn, J K Rowley, A L Carter, B Hollebone, D Kessler +195 others
  • 2000
The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory is a second-generation water Cherenkov detector designed to determine whether the currently observed solar neutrino de"cit is a result of neutrino oscillations. The detector is unique in its use of D O as a detection medium, permitting it to make a solar model-independent test of the neutrino oscillation hypothesis by(More)
The link between dysregulated serotonergic activity and depression and anxiety disorders is well established, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these psychopathologies are not fully understood. Here, we explore the role of microRNAs in regulating serotonergic (5HT) neuron activity. To this end, we determined the specific microRNA "fingerprint" of 5HT(More)
BACKGROUND Faulty regulation of the central extrahypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) expression is associated with stress-related psychopathologies including anxiety disorders and depression. Extensive pharmacological literature describes the effects of CRF agonists or antagonists' administration on anxiety-like behavior. However, the(More)