Shosaku Nomura

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A retrospective study was performed to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection, the effect of H pylori eradication on platelet counts, and the characteristic clinical features of chronic immune or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) with H pylori infection. H pylori infection was found in 300 patients, a group that was(More)
We conducted a phase 1-2 clinical trial to evaluate the effect of pegylated recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor (PEG-rHuMGDF) in patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) refractory to standard therapy who had platelet counts below 30 x 10(9)/L. Four patients received PEG-rHuMGDF (0.5 microg/kg of body weight(More)
Microparticles released from cells (MPs) may play a role in the normal hemostatic response to vascular injury and a role in clinical diseases because they express phospholipids, which function as procoagulants. Although flow cytometry is the most widely used method for studying MPs, some novel assays such as tissue factor-dependent procoagulant assay or the(More)
OBJECTIVE Biologic treatments including the humanized anti-interleukin 6 (anti-IL-6) receptor antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) provide therapeutic options for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated useful biomarkers to predict the responsiveness to TCZ by measurement of serum proinflammatory cytokine concentrations. METHODS Serum samples were(More)
Elevated platelet-derived mircoparticles (MP) (PDMP), endothelial cell-derived MP (EDMP), and monocyte-derived MP (MDMP) concentrations are documented in almost all thrombotic diseases. However, the intricate interactions between PDMP, MDMP and EDMP in hypertensive patients with or without type 2 diabetes remains poorly understood. Therefore, to clarify the(More)
Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMP), selectins, and adiponectin play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis in diabetes. Acarbose has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. However, its influence on PDMP, selectins, and adiponectin in these patients is poorly understood. We investigated(More)
Understanding dendritic cell (DC) subset functions should lead to the development of novel types of vaccine. Here we characterized expression of XC chemokine receptor 1 (XCR1) and its ligand, XCL1. Murine XCR1 was the only chemokine receptor selectively expressed in CD8alpha(+) conventional DCs. XCL1 was constitutively expressed in NK cells, which(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of endothelial cell-derived microparticles (EDMP), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and adiponectin in hyperlipidemic patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare the two for the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on these markers. METHODS One hundred and twenty-six hyperlipidemic(More)
We report a 60-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura who experienced acute infarction of the middle cerebral artery. She was treated with an antiplatelet agent and prednisolone to limit platelet activation and destruction. In parallel with clinical amelioration, levels of plasma platelet microparticles (PMPs), a procoagulant factor in(More)
BACKGROUND Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a platelet volume index. Classically, MPV was recognized as a hallmark of platelet activation. Recent studies have revealed that the MPV and MPV/platelet count (PC) ratio can predict long-term mortality in patients with ischemic cardio-vascular disease. In addition, these indices were correlated with the(More)