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OBJECTIVE Hyperglycosylated hCG (HhCG) is the predominant form of chorionic gonadotrophin in states characterized by aggressive trophoblast invasion such as early pregnancy or choriocarcinoma. Pre-eclampsia may be the result of failed or inadequate trophoblast invasion. We investigated whether low levels of maternal urine HhCG levels would predict(More)
BACKGROUND Serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and hCG free beta-subunit tests are used in combination with unconjugated estriol and alpha-fetoprotein in the triple screen test, and with the addition of inhibin-A in the quadruple marker test for detecting Down syndrome in the second trimester of pregnancy. These tests have a limited detection rate for(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with trophoblastic diseases produce ordinary and irregular forms of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; e.g., nicked hCG, hCG missing the beta-subunit C-terminal segment, hyperglycosylated hCG, and free beta subunit) that are recognized to differing extents by automated immunometric hCG (or hCG beta) assays. This has led to low or(More)
Hyperglycosylated hCG is a form of hCG with more complex oligosaccharide side chains. A specific immunoassay was developed to measure hyperglycosylated hCG. Levels were measured in urine samples from 1157 women between 11 to 22 weeks of gestation, undergoing genetic analysis because of advanced maternal age. Values were normalized to urine creatinine(More)
Stored maternal urine samples were used to determine the distribution of hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotrophin (H-hCG) levels in pregnancies with Down syndrome. A total of 349 samples from singleton pregnancies, including 45 with Down syndrome, were tested at 10-19 weeks' gestation. Urinary concentration was allowed for by expressing H-hCG in ng(More)
OBJECTIVE Both modest screening performance and declining patient and physician acceptance have stimulated interest in alternative markers to the triple screen for the detection of Down syndrome. Our purpose was to compare the concentration of a single urinary analyte, hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin, with the serum triple screen(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate measurement of levels of urine hyperglycosylated hCG, a form of hCG with abnormally branched oligosaccharide side chains, in conjunction with ultrasound biometry for Down syndrome risk prediction in an at-risk group. METHOD We prospectively measured urine hyperglycosylated hCG levels, humeral length, and nuchal thickness in women who(More)
The majority of extracranial masses detected by prenatal ultrasound screening are encephalocoeles. Several recent publications have drawn attention to extracranial masses which resemble encephalocoeles. The uncertainty in these situations can result in the unnecessary termination of a pregnancy. We report a case of an epidermal cyst of the scalp presenting(More)