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Functional neuroimaging suggests asymmetries of memory encoding and retrieval in the prefrontal lobes, but different hypotheses have been presented concerning the nature of prefrontal hemispheric specialization. We studied an associative memory task involving pairs of Kanji (Chinese) pictographs and unfamiliar abstract patterns. Subjects were ten Japanese(More)
PURPOSE We designed an investigational study and placebo controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots for treating urinary frequency and urge incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 48 women 43 to 75 years old (mean age 61) with the complaint of urinary frequency and/or urge incontinence were studied. We(More)
We investigated the effects of pulsed magnetic stimulation on tumor development processes and immune functions in mice. A circular coil (inner diameter = 15 mm, outer diameter = 75 mm) was used in the experiments. Stimulus conditions were pulse width = 238 micros, peak magnetic field = 0.25 T (at the center of the coil), frequency = 25 pulses/s, 1,000(More)
The induction of bone formation to an intentional orientation is a potentially viable clinical treatment for bone disorders. Among the many chemical and physical factors, a static magnetic field (SMF) of tesla order can regulate the shapes of blood cells and matrix fibers. This study investigated the effects of a strong SMF (8 T) on bone formation in both(More)
PEG-coated beta-FeOOH nanoparticles were prepared through electrostatic complex formation of iron oxide nanoparticles with poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(aspartic acid) block copolymer [PEG-P(Asp)] in distilled water. By dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurement, the nanopaticle size was determined to be 70 nm with narrow distribution. The FT-IR and zeta(More)
We investigated the acute effect of static magnetic fields of up to 8 T on skin blood flow and body temperature in anesthetized rats. These variables were measured prior to, during, and following exposure to a magnetic field in a superconducting magnet with a horizontal bore. The dorsal skin was transversely incised for 1 cm to make a subcutaneous pocket.(More)
The mental rotation task has been reported to activate the human parietal and extra-striate areas, based on the results of fMRI and PET analysis. In the present study, we investigated the dynamic properties of the distributed cortical activity related to mental rotation processes at high temporal resolution by means of brain magnetic field measurements and(More)
The widespread use of the mobile phone has initiated many studies on the possible adverse effects of a high frequency electromagnetic field (EMF), which is used in mobile phones. A low frequency EMF is reported to suppress melatonin synthesis. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects on melatonin synthesis in rats after short term exposure to a 1439(More)
We investigated the acquisition of ischemic tolerance in the rat hippocampus using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Rats received 1000 pulses/day for 7 days, and the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials were measured in the hippocampal CA1. After slices were exposed to ischemic conditions, long-term potentiation (LTP) was induced.(More)
Stimulation of deeper brain structures by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may be beneficial in the treatment of several neurological and psychiatric disorders. This paper presents numerical simulation of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS) by considering double cone, H-and Halo coils. Three-dimensional distributions of the induced fields(More)