Shoma Nakagawa

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Specific protein depletion is a powerful approach for assessing individual gene function in cellular processes, and has been extensively employed in recent years in mammalian oocyte meiosis-I. Conditional knockout mice and RNA interference (RNAi) methods such as siRNA or dsRNA microinjection are among several approaches to have been applied in this system(More)
Chromosome segregation errors in mammalian oocytes compromise development and are particularly prevalent in older females, but the aging-related cellular changes that promote segregation errors remain unclear [1, 2]. Aging causes a loss of meiotic chromosome cohesion, which can explain premature disjunction of sister chromatids [3-7], but why intact sister(More)
The ability of human metaphase-II arrested eggs to activate following fertilisation declines with advancing maternal age. Egg activation is triggered by repetitive increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) in the ooplasm as a result of sperm-egg fusion. We therefore hypothesised that eggs from older females feature a reduced ability to(More)
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