Shollie M. Falkenberg

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The identification and elimination of persistently infected (PI) cattle are the most effective measures for controlling bovine pestiviruses, including bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and the emerging HoBi-like viruses. Here, colostrum-deprived calves persistently infected with HoBi-like pestivirus (HoBi-like PI calves) were generated and sampled (serum,(More)
The detection of an emerging pestivirus species, "HoBi-like virus," in fetal bovine serum (FBS) labeled as U.S. origin, but packaged in Europe, raised concerns that HoBi-like virus may have entered the United States. In the current study, 90 lots of FBS originating in North America (NA) were screened for pestivirus antigen and antibodies. Lots in group 1(More)
HoBi-like viruses are an emerging species of pestiviruses with genetic and antigenic similarities to bovine viral diarrhea viruses 1 and 2 (BVDV1 and BVDV2). Vaccines for HoBi-like viruses are not yet available. However, both modified live virus (MLV) and killed virus (KV) vaccines against BVDV are widely used worldwide. This study evaluated the cross(More)
Clinical presentation following uncomplicated acute infection with bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) ranges from clinically unapparent to severe (including hemorrhagic disease and death) depending on the strain virulence. Regardless of clinical presentation, BVDV infection of cattle results in a generalized immunosuppression. BVDV immunosuppression is(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare acute infection of cattle exposed to a high-virulence (HV) bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), low-virulence (LV) BVDV, or HoBi-like virus. ANIMALS 24 Holstein bull calves. PROCEDURES Colostrum-deprived 2- to 4-week-old calves, free of BVDV antigen and antibodies, were allocated into 4 groups (6 calves/group). Calves in 3 groups(More)
Exposure to bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) results in acute and persistent infections. Persistent infections result from in utero exposure during the first trimester of gestation. Clinical presentation, in persistently infected cattle (PI), is highly variable. The reasons for this variation is largely unknown. The BVDV circulating in PI exist as(More)
HoBi-like viruses are an emerging species of pestiviruses associated with respiratory and reproductive disease in cattle and in water buffaloes. Although cattle appear to be the main natural hosts, little is know about the potential for HoBi-like viruses to be transmitted to other livestock. In this study, seronegative calves, goats and pigs, and sheep(More)
The ability of ruminant pestivirus including bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and the related emerging pestivirus, HoBi-like virus, to establish persistent infection (PI) following foetal infection is central to keeping these viruses in circulation. Non-PI dams carrying BVDV PI calves develop high levels of immunity due constantly viral exposure. A study(More)
Sera from 43 cases of aspergillosis, 73 cases of other bronchopulmonary diseases, and 50 healthy persons were examined for the presence of antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay proved to be more efficacious than the immunodiffusion test and counterimmunoelectrophoresis in the cases of allergic bronchopulmonary and invasive(More)
The expressions of MMP2, -7, -9, -13 and TIMP1, -2, -3 were examined in biopsies and cell lines of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) to determine the association between the expression profile and TNM-staging of the primary. The expressions of MMP2, -7, -9, -13 and TIMP1, -2, -3 were analyzed in 30 HNSCC biopsies, 7 HNSCC cell lines and 1(More)