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The synapse-bearing nerve terminals of the opener muscle of the crayfish Procambarus were reconstructed using electron micrographs of regions which had been serially sectioned. The branching patterns of the terminals of excitatory and inhibitory axons and the locations and sizes of neuromuscular and axo-axonal synapses were studied. Excitatory and(More)
Using the whole-cell recording technique, we have examined the slow Ca2+-activated afterhyperpolarization (AHP) and its underlying current (I AHP) in hippocampal CA1 neurones of brain slices obtained from mature rats. Specifically we have studied the effects of the anion component of various K+ salts commonly used to make the pipette filling solution that(More)
Small amplitude depolarizations (fast prepotentials, spikelets) recorded in mammalian neurons are thought to represent either dendritic action potentials or presynaptic action potentials attenuated by gap junctions. We have used whole-cell recordings in an in vitro calcium-free model of epilepsy to record spikelets from CA1 neurons of the rat hippocampus.(More)
Neuromuscular synapses of the "fast" excitatory axon supplying the main extensor muscle in the leg of the shore crab Pachygrapsus crassipes were studied with electrophysiological and electron-microscopic techniques. Electrical recording showed that many muscle fibers of the central region of the extensor muscle responded only to stimulation of the fast(More)
The existence of hippocampal high-frequency electrical activities (greater than 100 Hz) during the progression of seizure episodes in both human and animal experimental models of epilepsy has been well documented (Bragin A, Engel J, Wilson C L, Fried I and Buzsáki G 1999 Hippocampus 9 137-42; Khosravani H, Pinnegar C R, Mitchell J R, Bardakjian B L,(More)
This study presents a model of chronic, recurrent, spontaneous seizures in the intact isolated hippocampal preparation from mice aged P8-P25. Field activity from the CA1 pyramidal cell layer was recorded and recurrent, spontaneous seizure-like events (SLEs) were observed in the presence of low Mg2+ (0.25 mM) artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF). Hippocampi(More)
Transversely split sarcomeres are seen in mouthpart muscles of the blue crab in the electron microscope. Sarcomeres split only at the H zone. Two new sarcomeres are formed by a Z disk which appears in the H zone of the splitting sarcomere. Splitting may involve breaking of the thick filaments in the H zone, elongation of these filaments, and formation of(More)
Gap junctions (gjs) are increasingly recognized as playing a significant role in seizures. We demonstrate that different types of gap junctional blocking agents reduce the duration of evoked seizure-like primary afterdischarges (PADs) in the rat in vitro CA1 hippocampal pyramidal region, following repetitive tetanization of the Schaffer collaterals.(More)