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BACKGROUND Hypoxia of the human endometrium is a physiologic event occurring during the perimenstrual period and the local stimulus for angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hypoxic stress on the regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12), and the potential role of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether 17β-estradiol (E(2)) and progestins exert direct effects on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and thereby to clarify the regulatory function of these local angiogenic factors in the endometrium. DESIGN In vitro experiment. (More)
AIM Shakuyaku-kanzo-to (SK) is a herbal medicine and is known to possess an antispasmodic effect on skeletal muscle and intestinal smooth muscle. However, it is unclear whether SK is effective in antagonizing uterine smooth muscle contractions. Herein, we investigated the effects of SK on smooth muscle contractions of human pregnant uterine samples. (More)
The female genital tract is rarely the initial site of presentation in lymphoma or leukemia. We report a case of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) presenting initially in the vagina. The patient, a 75-year-old woman, had a history of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). She presented with a chief complaint of genital bleeding and introital pain. On(More)
AIM Shakuyaku-kanzo-to, a Kampo medicine composed equally of shakuyaku and kanzo, is an antispasmodic drug that can inhibit contraction of uterine smooth muscles in pregnant women and rats. We aimed to test the inhibitory effects of water- and lipid-soluble extracts of shakuyaku-kanzo-to, shakuyaku, and kanzo in order to identify the fraction responsible(More)
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