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BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that the combination of proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin and clarithromycin is one of the best choices for Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. However, increasing number of cases of H. pylori infection showing resistance to clarithromycin therapy has been reported and this is currently the main cause of(More)
BACKGROUND A new predictive biomarker for determining prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who receive sorafenib is required, because achieving a reduction in tumor size with sorafenib is rare, even in patients who have a favorable prognosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor is a sorafenib target. In the current study,(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE), an aldehydic product of membrane lipid peroxidation, has been shown to induce neurotoxicity in various types of neurons. To clarify the mechanisms underlying HNE-induced neurotoxicity, the effects of antioxidants (N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and ebselen with or without NAC pretreatment) and Ca(2+)-related reagents were examined in(More)
A total of 101 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae isolates from diseased pigs taken from across Japan during 2002 to 2005 were examined for antimicrobial susceptibility. All isolates were susceptible to ceftiofur, erythromycin, florfenicol and enrofloxacin. Antimicrobial-resistant isolates to oxytetracycline (OTC) (27.7%), dihydrostreptomycin (10.9%),(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The fibrosis stage, which is evaluated by the distribution pattern of collagen fibers, is a major predictor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for patients with hepatitis C. Meanwhile, the role of elastin fibers has not yet been elucidated. The present study was conducted to determine the significance of quantifying both(More)
BACKGROUND The FIB-4 index is a simple formula to predict liver fibrosis. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of the FIB-4 index and associated time-course changes as a predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. METHODS A total of 171 chronic hepatitis C patients who underwent paired liver biopsies and 875 patients who underwent a(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoid tumors less than 10 mm in diameter and limited to the submucosal layer demonstrate a low frequency of lymph node and distant metastasis; endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been used to treat these tumors. However, the number of reported sample cases of rectal carcinoid tumors treated with ESD remains(More)
  • S Suzuki
  • 1994
Salmonella enteritidis is a common pathogen of all species of mammals and fowls. The recent increase in the number of outbreaks of food poisoning due to S. enteritidis in man was epidemiologically analysed, and it was considered that contaminated eggs or egg products were the major source of this infection. To assist in prevention and eradication of human(More)
BACKGROUND The number of sample cases of colonic diverticular hemorrhage treated with endoscopic band ligation (EBL) has been small to date. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the safety and efficacy of EBL for colonic diverticular hemorrhage. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING General hospital. PATIENTS A total of 29 patients with 31 colonic diverticula with(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is a therapy for early gastric cancer (EGC) that can be provided relatively easily and safely in any institution. Identification of the resection margin is a problem in EMR, especially in cases of piecemeal EMR. Despite the long-standing widespread use of piecemeal EMR for EGC, its limitation and long-term(More)