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Members of the genus Nepenthes are carnivorous plants that use the pitfall method of insect capture as a supplementary nutritional source. We extracted metagenomic DNA from the microbial community found in the pitcher fluid of Nepenthes and constructed a plasmid-based metagenomic library. An activity-based screening method enabled the isolation of two(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a common environmental contaminant. TCDD binds and activates the transcription factor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), leading to adverse biological responses via the alteration of the expression of various AHR target genes. Although small amounts of TCDD are consumed via contaminated daily foodstuffs and(More)
Vitamin K is essential for blood coagulation and bone metabolism in mammals. This vitamin functions as a cofactor in the posttranslational synthesis of γ-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) from glutamic acid residues. However, other functions of vitamin K have been reported recently. We previously found that vitamin K suppresses the inflammatory reaction induced by(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease with persisting gastrointestinal symptoms that has been classified into four subtypes. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) plays important physiological roles in the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle. Intraluminal distension of the intestine is known to stimulate the release of endogenous(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil is a major focus in efforts to ameliorate the systemic inflammatory response associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. Neutrophil elastase is a powerful proteolytic enzyme, and plays a pivotal role in the development of the inflammatory response. This study assesses the inhibitory effects of sivelestat, a highly specific neutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND Initial sequestration of activated neutrophils and platelet microaggregates in capillaries are responsible for the inflammatory response associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. The study assesses the inhibitory effects of nafamostat mesilate on neutrophil and platelet activation, and on the neutrophil deformability change and microaggregate(More)
The use of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for recovery from neutropenia has been established; however, acute lung injury due to G-CSF-induced polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) activation is a serious complication. This study was designed to compare the activation of PMN with single bolus administration and continuous administration of G-CSF.(More)
The populations of the Kii Peninsula in Japan and of Guam present high incidences of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism-dementia complex. It is thought that low levels of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the drinking water are involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that catalepsy,(More)
Since the introduction of milled zirconia copings for ceramic crowns, a variety of techniques have been introduced to reduce the incidence of chipping or fracturing of the porcelain veneer. These include methods of improving the interface between the coping and the veneer, reducing thermal incompatibility between the two, and optimizing the coping design to(More)
represented the final stage of the disease, with absence of both cone and rod responses. According to a genotype– phenotype analysis of the ABCA4 gene, there is an inverse relationship between the presumed residual ABCA4 function and the severity of the disorder, and the ABCA4 gene mutations associated with CRD and RP are similar in this respect. These two(More)