Shoko Sato

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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a common environmental contaminant. TCDD binds and activates the transcription factor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), leading to adverse biological responses via the alteration of the expression of various AHR target genes. Although small amounts of TCDD are consumed via contaminated daily foodstuffs and(More)
Members of the genus Nepenthes are carnivorous plants that use the pitfall method of insect capture as a supplementary nutritional source. We extracted metagenomic DNA from the microbial community found in the pitcher fluid of Nepenthes and constructed a plasmid-based metagenomic library. An activity-based screening method enabled the isolation of two(More)
The populations of the Kii Peninsula in Japan and of Guam present high incidences of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism-dementia complex. It is thought that low levels of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the drinking water are involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that catalepsy,(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease with persisting gastrointestinal symptoms that has been classified into four subtypes. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) plays important physiological roles in the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle. Intraluminal distension of the intestine is known to stimulate the release of endogenous(More)
Vitamin K is essential for blood coagulation and bone metabolism in mammals. This vitamin functions as a cofactor in the posttranslational synthesis of γ-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) from glutamic acid residues. However, other functions of vitamin K have been reported recently. We previously found that vitamin K suppresses the inflammatory reaction induced by(More)
BACKGROUND A considerable number of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) develop cardioembolic stroke (CE) despite low CHADS2 score. We examined the possibility that use of the atrial electromechanical interval (AEMI) improves prediction of CE in patients with paroxysmal AF (PAF), particularly those with low CHADS2 score. METHODS We consecutively(More)
Supplementation to an AIN93G-based diet of tocotrienol (T3) for 13 weeks administered to Fischer 344/slc rats showed a safety profile with no side effects. Dose-dependent T3 levels were detected in many tissues. Under the present experimental conditions, a continuous intake of the T3 concentrate would be safe in the rats as long as the T3 content was less(More)
We have found that protein malnutrition (PM) causes a significant impairment of memory-related behavior on the 15th and 20th day after the start of PM (5% casein) feeding in prepubertal mice but not in postpubertal mice, as measured by a passive-avoidance task. This impairment was almost completely reversed by merely switching to a standard protein (20%(More)
Although the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) play essential roles in mammalian development, stress responses, and other physiological events, crosstalk between these receptors has been the subject of much debate. Metallothioneins are classic glucocorticoid-inducible genes that were reported to increase upon treatment with(More)
Since the introduction of milled zirconia copings for ceramic crowns, a variety of techniques have been introduced to reduce the incidence of chipping or fracturing of the porcelain veneer. These include methods of improving the interface between the coping and the veneer, reducing thermal incompatibility between the two, and optimizing the coping design to(More)