Shoko Miyazato

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A disease characterized by nervous signs was found in 10 calves in two districts in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, from October to November, 1984. Histopathological changes of nonpurulent encephalitis were found in every case. An agent, named Iriki isolate, was isolated from the cerebellum of a calf in HmLu-1 cell cultures. All of the affected calves(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection is relatively common in the Miyako Islands, Okinawa, Japan, where the infection has been reported to be associated with low pathogenicity. HDV RNA extracted from each of 6 patients with HDV-related chronic liver disease living in the islands was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and examined(More)
Experiments with rats have produced data on the metabolism and energy value of d-psicose; however, no such data have been obtained in humans. The authors assessed the availability of d-psicose absorbed in the small intestine by measuring carbohydrate energy expenditure (CEE) by indirect calorimetry. They measured the urinary excretion rate by quantifying(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that low-viscous and fermentable dietary fiber and nondigestible oligosaccharides enhance mineral absorption. Resistant maltodextrin, nonviscous, fermentable and soluble source of dietary fiber, has several physiological functions. However, influence of resistant maltodextrin on mineral absorption is unclear. AIM OF THE(More)
The cellular morphology, colonial morphology, biochemical properties, DNA base compositions, and DNA-DNA homolgies of three biovars of Fusobacterium necrophorum were examined. Some differences were found among the three biovars in cellular morphology, colonial morphology, and biochemical properties. The guanine-plus-cytosine contents of DNAs from biovar C(More)
Fusobacterium necrophorum biovar A and biovar B were examined for haemagglutinability and ability to adhere to cells. Six biovar A strains agglutinated tannic-acid-treated chicken erythrocytes (1/32-1/64), as well as untreated chicken erythrocytes (1/16-1/64). They adhered well to MDBK and FL cells. Haemagglutination by them was not inhibited with(More)
We investigated the effect of resistant maltodextrin (RMD), a non-viscous soluble dietary fiber, on intestinal immune response and its mechanism in mice. Intestinal and fecal immunoglobulin A (IgA) were determined as indicators of intestinal immune response, and changes in the intestinal environment were focused to study the mechanism. BALB/c mice were fed(More)
Hydrogenated resistant maltodextrin (H-RMD) is a dietary fiber whose energy value has not previously been reported. We evaluated the energy value of H-RMD. We conducted an in vitro digestion test, in vivo blood glucose measurement after ingestion, in vitro fermentability test, excretion test by rats and indirect calorimetry combined with breath hydrogen(More)