Shoko Kobayashi

Learn More
A decomposition scheme was applied to ALOS/PALSAR data obtained from a fast-growing tree plantation in Sumatra, Indonesia to extract tree stem information and then estimate the forest stand volume. The scattering power decomposition of the polarimetric SAR data was performed both with and without a rotation matrix and compared to the following(More)
The absorption characteristics of rosmarinic acid (RA) were examined by measuring permeation across Caco-2 cell monolayers using an HPLC-electrochemical detector (ECD) fitted with a coulometric detection system. RA exhibited nonsaturable transport even at 30 mM, and the permeation at 5 mM in the apical-to-basolateral direction, J(ap-->bl), was 0.13(More)
Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) mediates cholesterol absorption, and ezetimibe is a potent NPC1L1 inhibitor applicable for medication of hypercholesterolemia. Epidemiological studies demonstrated that consumption of polyphenols correlates with a decreased risk for atherosclerosis due to their antioxidant effect. This activity can hardly be attributable to(More)
CO 2 sequestration of the forests in Oita Prefecture, Japan, was estimated using satellite remote sensing data. First, hybrid classification of the optical LANDSAT ETM+ data was performed using GIS to produce a detailed land cover map. CO 2 sequestration for each forest type was calculated using the sequestration rates per unit area multiplied by the forest(More)
We describe new concepts in sensory system and immunosensory system. Sensory receptors have been assumed to be sensors that send information of outer world to the brain. However, cooling the skin evokes cold sensation, but not temperature. Hence, information may not be sent to the brain. Instead, we have proposed that receptors are comparators, which evoke(More)
  • S. Kobayashi
  • 2008
External world is physical world, where objects, electromagnetic waves, air waves and temperatures exist. In contrast, we feel that objects have colors, sounds, hotness or coldness, smell and taste. These feelings are qualia, which must be virtual realities occurring in mind. The presence of food, enemies, friends and partners are recognized through virtual(More)
At room temperature of 27degC, core temperature is maintained at 36degC. This indicates that mammals have thermoregulatory system to keep core temperature. On the other hand, when 10% menthol was applied to the skin, core temperature was increased by 1.0-2.0degC from normal level. This suggests that peripheral thermoregulatory system was activated by TRPM8(More)
There are many patients suffering from neuropathic pain. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is thought to be a mediator of neuropathic pain. In addition, neuropatic pain is aggravated by low temperature. However, receptor of ROS and low temperature is unknown. TRPA1 is activated by pain- producing agents such as allyl isothiocyanate or formaldehyde. We(More)
Gut microbiota is an essential factor in the shaping of intestinal immune system development and driving inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We report the effects and microbe-host interactions underlying an intervention using fine powder of eggshell membrane (ESM) against IBD. ESM attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory cytokine(More)