Shoki Yamaguchi

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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of temperature on the ability of the chondrocytes to produce extracellular matrix (ECM). MATERIALS AND METHODS Articular chondrocytes were isolated from porcine knee joints. The chondrocytes were cultured at three different temperatures: 32 °C, 37 °C, and 41 °C. The ability to produce ECM(More)
Cell-based therapy has been explored for articular cartilage regeneration. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a promising cell-based technique for repairing articular cartilage defects. However, there are several issues such as chondrocyte de-differentiation. While numerous studies have been designed to overcome some of these issues, only a few have(More)
The effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on articular cartilage metabolism has been characterized. However, the effect of LIPUS intensity on articular cartilage degradation factors remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the immediate effect of LIPUS at several intensities on cultured chondrocytes treated with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) to(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the levels of serum biomarkers reflect the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by different levels of exercise. Thirty-five Wistar rats subjected to anterior cruciate ligament transaction (ACLT) were divided into three groups: Control, moderate running, and intense running. Twelve rats (moderate running(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the association between spatiotemporal cartilage-subchondral bone plate alterations and mechanical load during ambulation in an experimental rat model of destabilized medial meniscus (DMM). DESIGN Twelve-week-old Wistar rats (n = 38) underwent DMM surgery on the right knee and sham surgery on the left knee. At 2 and 4(More)
The effects of intermittent hypergravity on gait alterations and hindlimb muscle atrophy in rats induced by 2 weeks of simulated microgravity were investigated. Rats were submitted to hindlimb unloading for 2 weeks (unloading period), followed by 2 weeks of reloading (recovery period). During the unloading period, animals were subjected to the following(More)
Exposure to a microgravity environment leads to adverse effects in motion and musculoskeletal properties. However, few studies have investigated the recovery of altered locomotion and muscle atrophy simultaneously. The authors investigated altered locomotion in rats submitted to simulated microgravity by hindlimb unloading for 2 weeks. Motion deficits were(More)
We investigated the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment combined with mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) injection for cartilage repair and subchondral bone reconstitution for treatment of osteochondral defects. An osteochondral defect was created on both femur grooves of Wistar rats. Four weeks later, bone marrow MSCs were injected into(More)
A hypoxic environment is thought to be important for the maintenance of stemness and suppressing cell senescence, in stem cells. Therefore, a hypoxic condition is induced during cell expansion and/or induction of intended differentiation. However, the induction of these conditions requires a specially equipped hypoxia chamber and expensive gas mixtures,(More)
An understanding of the articular cartilage degenerative process is necessary for the prevention and treatment of joint disease. The present study aimed to examine how long-term immobilization-induced cartilage degeneration is aggravated by remobilization. Sixty 8-week-old male Wistar rats were used in this study. The unilateral knee joint was immobilized(More)