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A growing body of evidence supports the notion that angiotensin II (Ang II), the central product of the renin-angiotensin system, may play a central role not only in the etiology of hypertension but also in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular and renal diseases in humans. In this review, we focus on the role of Ang II in cardiovascular and renal diseases(More)
Oxidative stress, which is found in pancreatic beta-cells in the diabetic state, suppresses insulin gene transcription and secretion, but the signaling pathways involved in the beta-cell dysfunction induced by oxidative stress remain unknown. In this study, subjecting rat islets to oxidative stress activates JNK, p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C, preceding(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that correction of hypomagnesemia by magnesium (Mg) supplementation ameliorates chronic cyclosporine A (CsA) nephropathy via inhibiting gene expression of fibrogenic molecules. Experiments were conducted to further elucidate upstream mechanism of the beneficial effects upon CsA nephrotoxicity. METHODS CsA (15 mg/kg/day,(More)
The activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcriptional complex, containing Jun and Fos proteins, is involved in regulating many cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. However, little is known about a direct relationship between AP-1 activities and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. To elucidate the roles of myocardial AP-1 activities, dominant(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the comparative roles of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, including c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and p38, in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, migration, and gene expression. METHODS AND RESULTS VSMCs were infected with recombinant adenovirus containing(More)
This study examined the role of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in PDGF-BB-induced proliferation and gene expression of human mesangial cells (MC). PDGF-BB stimulation of MC increased mRNA for transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and increased the cell(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the role of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis and vascular permeability and the underlying molecular mechanism of VEGF-induced endothelial MCP-1 expression in vitro and in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS We used an anti-MCP-1 neutralizing antibody for specific(More)
Previously, we reported that levels of chymase activity and its mRNA in cardiac tissues were significantly increased along with progression of cardiac fibrosis in cardiomyopathic hamsters, but the involvement of chymase in the progression of fibrosis has been unclear. In cultured human fibroblasts, the concentration of transforming growth factor-beta in the(More)
It is unclear whether the previous in vitro evidence of a link between angiotensin II (Ang II) and growth factor receptors can apply to the in vivo situation. In this study, we examined vascular platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor activation in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and the role of(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism and treatment of diastolic heart failure are poorly understood. We compared the effects of an ACE inhibitor, an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), and their combination on diastolic heart failure in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. METHODS AND RESULTS DS rats fed an 8% NaCl diet from 7 weeks of age were treated with benazepril 10(More)