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It has been reported that angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have beneficial effects on insulin resistance and congestive heart failure, in which elevations of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) level have been indicated. Therefore, in this study, we examined effect of ACE inhibitors on TNF-alpha production both in vitro and in vivo(More)
It has recently been indicated that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production is increased under chronic hyperglycemia and TNF-alpha has harmful effects on insulin sensitivity and possibly on chronic diabetic complications. Therefore it will be favorable for diabetes treatment if anti-diabetic agents also have anti-TNF-alpha activities. In this(More)
N-acetylcysteine and pentoxifylline, free radical scavengers and inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production, inhibit the development of peripheral neuropathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. This study was designed to elucidate the effect of gliclazide, an oral hypoglycemic sulfonylurea, on diabetic neuropathy, because it(More)
Nonspecific stimulation with immunoadjuvants significantly improves glucose tolerance in animal models for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In this study, we observed the effect of long-term treatment with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) on serum factors and histology of various organs in KK-Ay mice with NIDDM. The mice were injected with(More)
It is well known that some anti-hypertensive drugs affect insulin sensitivity and that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a mediator of obesity-associated insulin resistance. In this study, we have investigated the effect of anti-hypertensive drugs, calcium (Ca) channel blockers (amlodipine, manidipine and nicardipine), an alpha(1)-blocker(More)
Nicotinamide, a pellagra-preventive factor, has multiple functions such as inhibition of poly-ADP-ribose synthetase, inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase, free radical scavenging and suppression of major histocompatibility complex class II expression and ICAM-1 expression on endothelial cells. In addition to these, we have found an inhibitory(More)