Shoji Iijima

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Nocturnal sleep was examined in 12 patients with degenerative diseases involving the brain stem and in 2 patients with late cerebellar cortical atrophy (LCCA). A peculiar sleep state, characterized by the concomitant appearance of a low-voltage mixed frequency EEG, rapid eye movements (REMs) and tonic EMG in mental muscles, repeatedly appeared during(More)
Potential distribution of vertex sharp wave characterizing stages 1 and 2 of NREM sleep and saw-toothed wave recorded in REM sleep were studied in 6 healthy young adults. Like the vertex sharp wave, saw-toothed wave appeared in a wide area on the scalp with the maximal amplitude at Cz and its equipotential lines showed concentric circles with their center(More)
One of the most important physiological roles of brain astrocytes is the maintenance of extracellular K(+) concentration by adjusting the K(+) influx and K(+) efflux. The inwardly rectifying K(+) channel Kir4.1 has been identified as an important member of K(+) channels and is highly concentrated in glial endfeet membranes. Aquaporin (AQP) 4 is another(More)
The CSF pressure was measured continuously at the lumbar level during nocturnal sleep in 3 patients with sleep apnea hypersomnia syndrome. Nocturnal sleep was very unstable with frequent episodes of obstructive sleep apnea. When the patients were awake and relaxed in the supine position, their CSF pressure was stable and within the normal range. Episodic(More)
Dysbindin was first identified by the yeast two hybrid assay as a binding partner of dystrobrevin which is a cytoplasmic member of dystrophin glycoprotein complex. Immunolocalization of dystrobrevin in the astrocyte endfeet and endothelial cells in the rat cerebellum was reported. Therefore, we were interested in the expression and localization of(More)
Expression of aquaporin (AQP) 4 in the surface membranes of skeletal myofibers is well established; however, its functional significance is still unknown. The alterations of AQP4 expressions in dystrophic muscles at RNA and protein levels have been reported in various dystrophic muscles such as dystrophinopathy, dysferlinopathy, and sarcoglycanopathy. We(More)
Recently the association of hypersomnia and respiratory insufficiency without lesion in the respiratory organ has attracted attention of many investigators. Obese patients with such a condition have been called the Pickwickian syndrome. In this report, two non-obese patients with a similar condition were presented, one with micrognathia and frequent apneic(More)
Progressive muscular dystrophies are genetic diseases with various modes of transmission. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by the defect of dystrophin, and Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is caused by an abnormal fukutin gene leading to the glycosylation defect of alpha-dystroglycan. Dystrobrevin is one member of the dystrophin(More)
This study discusses the complex nature of visitors' evaluation of an historical district, and proposes a theoretical framework and qualitative methods to elicit relations between visitors' mental states and the district's features. The combination of Repertory Grid Analysis and Laddering Analysis with the use of photographs as stimuli is discussed and(More)