Shoichiro Izawa

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The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between shear wave velocity (SWV) generated by acoustic radiation force impulse and the pathologic structure of thyroid lesions. A total of 599 thyroid tissue samples were divided into four groups based on pathologic structure: 254 normal thyroid tissue samples as a control, 128 with chronic autoimmune(More)
The aims of this study were to evaluate the utility of shear wave elastography (SWE) using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) for diagnosing chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) and to verify the effect of fibrotic thyroid tissue on shear wave velocity (SWV). The subjects were 229 patients with 253 normal thyroid lobes (controls) and 150 CAT lobes. The(More)
We sought to elucidate the correlation between shear wave velocity (SWV) and fibrosis in thyroid by precisely assessing pathological structures inside 5 × 5 mm(2) regions of interest (ROIs) of resected specimens, under conditions that excluded physical artifacts. The materials were unselected thyroid and lymph node specimens resected during thyroid surgery.(More)
BACKGROUND We developed a simple and new insulin resistance index derived from a glucose clamp and a meal tolerance test (MTT) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS Fifteen patients [mean age: 53 years, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 7.7 mmol/L, HbA1c 7.1% (54 mmol/mol), body mass index 26.8 kg/m(2)] underwent a MTT and a glucose(More)
Shear wave elastography (SWE) using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) is a novel ultrasonography technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of quantitative SWE for differentiating thyroid nodules. For phantom study, we measured the shear wave velocities (SWVs) of the four spheres of 2- and 1-cm diameters with varying(More)
An 86-year-old female presented with a two-month history of an enlarging, left-sided jaw mass. The mass persisted after a course of antibiotics prescribed by her dentist. A CT scan of the mandible (Fig. 1) and biopsy from an outside hospital demonstrated characteristics consistent with a benign Giant Cell Tumor. The patient was referred to Head and Neck(More)
Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a common manifestation of Graves' disease (GD); however, its pathogenesis is not well understood. Recently, the dysregulation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been thought to be closely associated with the pathogenesis and clinical symptoms of autoimmune disease. We therefore evaluated whether T cell subsets, including Tregs,(More)
INTRODUCTION Several studies have shown that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve insulin secretion during oral glucose tolerance tests. However, the effects of DPP-4 inhibitors on impaired acute insulin responses in the postprandial state in real-world settings are unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of sitagliptin on the acute(More)
We describe a case of a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)-secreting pituitary microadenoma, and report the systematic gene expression profile of the surgically- removed tumor. A 50-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because she had high TSH, free-T4, and free-T3 levels, and a pituitary tumor that was visualized with magnetic resonance imaging. Her(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid nodules are common among adults, and accurate diagnosis is critical in for management decisions. Ultrasound and fine needle aspiration cytology are the most common methods to evaluate nodules, but they are not practical for screening large numbers of patients because of cost and time considerations. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was(More)