Shoichiro Ishihara

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We retrospectively studied 133 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to assess whether there was any gender disparity in serum electrolytes levels throughout the clinical course. Serum concentrations of sodium and potassium were measured in all patients, while catecholamines or antidiuretic hormone were assessed in a number of cases. Female(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy-Richardson's syndrome (PSP-RS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by postural instability and vertical gaze palsy, but the clinical diagnosis of PSP-RS is often difficult in the early stage of the disease. A 64-year-old male experienced frequent falls, followed by dysarthria and dysphagia. Neurological examination at(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of results of the neurofiberscopic biopsy of tumors of the pineal region and posterior third ventricle. METHODS From 2001 to 2004, 23 patients (mean age, 30.6 yr) with tumors located in the pineal region or posterior third ventricle underwent neurofiberscopic biopsy with simultaneous third ventriculostomy. The procedure was indicated(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to evaluate an original neurofiberscope-guided strategy for the management of slit-ventricle syndrome that occurs after shunt placement. METHODS Between 1995 and 2003 15 patients with slit-ventricle syndrome (mean age 14.2 years) underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and shunt removal. During the initial(More)
Astrocytes perform a variety of functions in the adult central nervous system (CNS). Recent evidence suggests the robust upregulation of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) after CNS insult. However, little is known about the role of GFAP in the hippocampal degeneration after brain injury. We herein compared the GFAP knockout (KO) and wild type (WT) mice(More)
Although progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) cases showing responses to mefloquine therapy have been reported, the efficacy of mefloquine for PML remains unclear. We report on the failure of mefloquine therapy in two Japanese patients with PML unrelated to human immunodeficiency virus. One of the patients was a 47-year-old male who had been(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often causes a prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval during the acute phase. The aim of the present study was to examine independent risk factors for QTc prolongation in patients with SAH by means of multivariate analysis. METHOD We studied 100 patients who were admitted within 24 hours after onset of(More)
This report describes 2-week and 20-month histopathologic findings in small aneurysms embolized with platinum coils. Electron microscopy showed the presence of endothelial cells encroaching on the platinum coils at the orifice of the aneurysm in both cases. We confirm that endothelial growth can be induced as early as 2 weeks after embolization of small(More)
The authors report the case of a 53-year-old woman who experienced visual hallucinations diagnosed as peduncular hallucinosis (PH). The cause of the PH was compression of the quadrigeminal plate and/or the splenium due to a meningioma originating from the falcotentorial junction (pineal meningioma). The nature of the visual hallucinations was depicted in(More)
OBJECT The authors report their investigation on the current status of neuroendoscopic biopsy for ventricular and paraventricular tumors as well as treatment for associated hydrocephalus in Japan. METHODS Patients who had undergone therapeutic neuroendoscopy between 2005 and 2009 were included in this study. The main items examined were age; sex;(More)