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PURPOSE Visualization of the spatial distribution of neurofibrillary tangles would help in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dementia. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical utility of [(18)F]THK-5117 as a highly selective tau imaging radiotracer. METHODS We initially evaluated in vitro binding of [(3)H]THK-5117 in post-mortem(More)
BACKGROUND [18F]THK5351, a recently-developed positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for measuring tau neurofibrillary tangle accumulation, may help researchers examine aging, disease, and tau pathology in living human brains. We examined THK5351 tracer pharmacokinetics to define an optimal acquisition time for static late images. METHODS Primary(More)
UNLABELLED 18F-FRP170, 1-(2-fluoro-1-[hydroxymethyl]ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole, is a new hypoxia imaging agent for positron emission tomography. This compound was synthesized by 18F-labeling of RP170, which was developed as a new hydrophilic 2-nitroimidazole analog. In the present study, we analyzed dynamic whole-body imaging in healthy volunteers and(More)
Molecular imaging in neuroscience is a new research field that enables visualization of the impact of molecular events on brain structure and function in humans. While magnetic resonance-based imaging techniques can provide complex information at the level of system, positron emission tomography (PET) enables determination of the distribution and density of(More)
The formation of neurofibrillary tangles is believed to contribute to the neurodegeneration observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Postmortem studies have shown strong associations between the neurofibrillary pathology and both neuronal loss and the severity of cognitive impairment. However, the temporal changes in the neurofibrillary pathology and its(More)
To investigate exercise-induced regional metabolic and perfusion changes in the human brain, various methods are available, such as positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG). In this paper, details of methods of metabolic measurement using PET,(More)
OBJECTIVES Since patients manifesting behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a burden for their families and caregivers, the underlying neurobiological mechanism of this condition should be clarified. Using positron emission tomography (PET), we previously reported that wandering behavior in dementia was associated with a disturbed(More)
UNLABELLED PET with three-dimensional data acquisition using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) was applied to evaluate skeletal muscle activity in runners. METHODS Seven healthy adult male volunteers were studied. They ran for a total of 35 min, 15 min before and 20 min after intravenous injection of FDG. Another 7 adult male control subjects were also(More)
Skeletal muscle glucose uptake closely reflects muscle activity at exercise intensity levels <55% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Our purpose was to evaluate individual skeletal muscle activity from glucose uptake in humans during pedaling exercise at different workloads by using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and positron emission tomography (PET).(More)
Although 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has been used for the assessment of skeletal muscle activities, its application to the shoulder muscles is only sparse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of the shoulder muscles during arm elevation using PET. Six healthy volunteers performed an arm(More)