Learn More
We measured the diameter of the most distal portion of the axonal initial segment, the neuronal size of anterior horn cells, and the length of the axon hillock plus the initial segment (AH+IS) in the lumbar spinal cord in motor neuron disease. Three patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and one with lower motor neuron disease (LMND) were(More)
Glis3 is a member of the Gli-similar subfamily. GLIS3 mutations in humans lead to neonatal diabetes, hypothyroidism, and cystic kidney disease. We generated Glis3-deficient mice by gene-targeting. The Glis3(-/-) mice had significant increases in the basal blood sugar level during the first few days after birth. The high levels of blood sugar are attributed(More)
Clinical diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is provided by the criteria of DSMIV and clinical progress in addition to imaging analysis with MRI after negative screening. The final exclusive diagnosis is confirmed by the neuropathological findings of neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in autopsy brains. We developed a new ELISA system to measure(More)
An autopsy case of human T lymphotropic virus I-associated myelopathy (HAM) of a duration of 28 years in a 61-year-old man with serological confirmation of HTLV-I infection was reported. The spinal cord was grossly atrophic. There was severe symmetrical degeneration of the lateral funiculi, particularly of the bilateral pyramidal tracts, involving all(More)
Membranous nephropathy (MN) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. Anti-M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) antibodies are found in most patients with idiopathic MN (iMN) worldwide, but the prevalence of anti-PLA2R antibodies among Japanese patients with MN is unknown. In this study, we determined the prevalence of anti-PLA2R(More)
A new syndrome of 'pure agraphia for Kanji' is described in 3 Japanese subjects with lesions in the left posteroinferior temporal region. Kanji (ideogram or morphogram) can be compared with orthographically irregular or ambiguous words in some European languages, since it is impossible to write Kanji characters unless each one of them is learned and(More)
Peptides that inhibit angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) were isolated from alpha-zein hydrolysate prepared with thermolysin. Their chemical structures were identified by Edman degradation and fast-atom bombardment mass spectrometry. Most of them were found to be tripeptides such as Leu-Arg-Pro, Leu-Ser-Pro, and Leu-Gln-Pro, having IC50 values of 0.27,(More)
In Japan, the population of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) is <4% of the total number of patients with end-stage renal disease. Few systemic analyses have examined why the number of PD patients has not increased in Japan. We organized a registry to analyze PD patients and retrospectively investigated 561 PD patients (about 5% of all Japanese PD(More)
The cells of the granular convoluted tubule (GCT) of the rodent submandibular gland (SMG) are under complex developmental and multihormonal regulation. Recent findings indicate that GCT cells also synthesize transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha), hepatocyte growth factor, erythroid differentiation factor, endothelin, and insulin-like growth factor,(More)
Although uremia is well known as the most common cause of pruritus, the mechanisms of pruritus in chronic hemodialysis patients remain unclear. The purpose was to characterize uremic pruritus in more detail and to investigate whether severe pruritus is a marker for poor prognosis. A total of 1773 adult hemodialysis patients were studied. A questionnaire was(More)