Shoichi Kato

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of surgery for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage with that of medical treatment, based on data from the Japan Stroke Registry Study. METHODS From 1999 to 2001, 1010 patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage were registered in the Japan Standard Stroke Registry Study from 45 stroke(More)
Recent experimental data have shown that levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) increase after traumatic brain injury (TBI), degrading components of the basal lamina disrupting the blood-brain barrier. However, the post-traumatic secretion patterns of MMP-9 in humans are unknown. We measured the concentration of MMP-9 in plasma after TBI at the same(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to establish a treatment strategy for patients with cavernous angiomas and have seizures. METHODS We analyzed retrospectively 31 patients with cavernous angiomas presenting with seizures. Of the 31 patients, 15 (11 men, 4 women) had been treated medically (the medical group) and 16 (11 men, 5 women) had been treated(More)
OBJECT Focal brain cooling has been recognized to have a suppressive effect on epileptiform discharges or a protective effect on brain tissue. However, the precise influence of brain cooling on normal brain function and histology has not yet been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the neurophysiopathological consequences of(More)
OBJECTIVE Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) are commonly recorded from upper-extremity muscles, whereas lower-extremity MEP (LE-MEP) monitoring has not been adequately established. The goal of the study was to develop a MEP monitoring method using direct cortical stimulation (DCS) for predicting motor deficits of lower extremities. METHODS Intra-operative(More)
Thrombolytic therapy with intravenous and intra-arterial recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rtPA) has been established for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. However, tPA has also been suggested to have neurotoxic effects. The purpose of this study was to examine direct neurotoxicity of rtPA in vivo. The animals (Wistar rats) were divided(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid clot is important in the development of delayed vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). OBJECTIVE To compare the clearance of subarachnoid clot and the incidence of symptomatic vasospasm in surgical clipping and embolization with Guglielmi detachable coils for aneurysmal SAH. METHODS The subjects were 115 patients with(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can detect various patterns in chronic subdural hematomas. These patterns were compared to the computed tomography (CT) appearances and chemical analysis of the content in 60 hematomas from 44 patients. The hematomas could be classified into five types on both T(1)- and T(2)-weighted images: low, high, and mixed intensity,(More)
This study investigates the role of sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) in the mechanisms underlying cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The levels of SPC were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with SAH and also in an experimental canine model. CSF samples were collected from 11 patients with SAH, and from dogs that had(More)
OBJECT The Il13ra2 gene is often overexpressed in brain tumors, making Il13ra2 one of the vaccine targets for immunotherapy of glioma. In this study, using a mouse glioma model, the authors tested the hypothesis that vaccination using dendritic cells transfected with Il13ra2 mRNA induces strong immunological antitumor effects. METHODS A plasmid was(More)