Shohreh Jalaie

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INTRODUCTION Our aim was to investigate sperm nuclear chromatin condensation and its correlation with semen parameters and vitality test in infertile patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), varicocele, and idiopathic infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sperm chromatin condensation was determined by aniline blue staining in 22 SCI-injured infertile men, 20(More)
Ashworth Scales are the most widely used tests to assess the severity of muscle spasticity. These scales offer qualitative and subjective information; consequently, there are issues concerning validity and reliability. This article presents the results of a study comparing interrater reliability of the original and of the modified Ashworth Scales for(More)
Low back pain (LBP) is a very common problem in primary care and a major cause of disability. There is no evidence for the efficacy of therapeutic modalities such as ultrasound in LBP In a randomized, single blind placebo controlled clinical trial, we aimed to evaluate the effect of continuous ultrasound (US) in patients with non specific LBP Of the fifty(More)
The Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) is a clinical scale used to assess muscle spasticity. While the evidence indicates that the reliability of the MAS is better in the upper limb and in certain distal muscle groups, no investigation has compared the effect of limbs and muscle groups on the MAS reliability. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of limb and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) in the upper limb of patients with hemiparesis and to determine the effect of pain and contracture presence on the reliability of the MMAS. For this test-retest study 30 patients with hemiparesis were included. One physiotherapist using the(More)
The objective of the study was to develop and validate a translated and culturally adapted Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for the Persian-speaking population. The MMSE was translated into Persian. Two groups of neurologically intact subjects (n = 100) and subjects with Alzheimer's disease (n = 13) were studied. The difference between groups on the(More)
BACKGROUND Oropharyngeal dysphagia following stroke enhances the risk of dehydration, malnutrition, aspiration pneumonia, persistent disablement, and even death. Screening of dysphagia has been shown to positively change health outcomes. The aim of the present study was to systematically introduce the published swallowing screening methods in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Research is limited and controversial on the effectiveness of various stretching methods on muscle lengthening. OBJECTIVE Studying the effectiveness of static stretch and muscle energy technique on the flexibility of hamstring muscles. METHODS Thirty young females (20-25 yrs old) participated voluntarily in this study. Subjects were randomly(More)
Sinusitis is a very common acute or chronic illness that affects a significant percentage of individuals. Recently, therapeutic ultrasound was reported as a treatment for chronic sinusitis. The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to evaluate the effectiveness of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) in chronic sinusitis using a pretest-posttest research(More)
Low back pain (LBP) is a common and often disabling condition that deserves attention. Although LBP during pregnancy is a common clinical problem, only one study was found documenting prevalence of LBP during pregnancy in Iran. No investigation evaluated the diagnostic value of possible risk factors. The aims of the present, cross-sectional study were 1) to(More)