Shohei Kasugai

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The nature and tissue distribution of non-collagenous bone proteins synthesized by adult rat bone marrow cells, induced to differentiate in the presence of dexamethasone (DEX) and beta-glycerophosphate (beta-GP), was studied in vitro to determine the potential role of these proteins in bone formation. Northern hybridization analysis revealed a strong(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the osteoconductivity of three different bone substitute materials: α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP), (β-TCP), and hydroxyapatite (HA), combined with or without simvastatin, which is a cholesterol synthesis inhibitor stimulating BMP-2 expression in osteoblasts. We used 72 Wistar rats and prepared two calvarial bone(More)
BACKGROUND Expanding cells ex vivo is an important step in tissue engineering and the culture medium is usually supplemented with bovine serum. When a patient receives bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) grown in a medium containing bovine serum, infection of bovine diseases and/or the patient's unfavorable immune reaction to bovine proteins are of concern.(More)
To study the role of noncollagenous proteins in bone formation, the synthesis and tissue distribution of BSP (bone sialoprotein), OPN (osteopontin) and SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) were analyzed using pulse-chase and continuous labeling protocols during bone formation by cultures of rat calvarial cells. Following a 1 h labeling(More)
Current approaches to the development of regenerative therapies have been influenced by our understanding of embryonic development, stem cell biology, and tissue engineering technology. The ultimate goal of regenerative therapy is to develop fully functioning bioengineered organs which work in cooperation with surrounding tissues to replace organs that were(More)
Donor organ transplantation is currently an essential therapeutic approach to the replacement of a dysfunctional organ as a result of disease, injury or aging in vivo. Recent progress in the area of regenerative therapy has the potential to lead to bioengineered mature organ replacement in the future. In this proof of concept study, we here report a further(More)
INTRODUCTION Although previous studies have shown that maxillary molar extraction in ovariectomized (OVX) animals causes mandibular loss of bone, it is still questionable as to whether estrogen deficiency affects mandibles with functional occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS To answer this question, 13-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were bilaterally OVX(More)
To determine the relationship between the expression of bone proteins and the formation of mineralized-tissue matrix, the biosynthesis of non-collagenous bone proteins was studied in cultures of fetal-rat calvarial cells, which form mineralized nodules of bone-like tissue in the presence of beta-glycerophosphate. The temporal pattern of protein synthesis in(More)
Expression of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH/PTHrP) receptor is one of the osteoblastic phenotypes; however, it has not been clear whether this phenotype expression is a marker of immature or mature osteoblasts. We examined the temporal expression pattern of PTH/PTHrP receptor in bone development in vivo and in vitro(More)
S100A4 is a member of the S100 calcium-binding protein family. S100A4 is expressed in several tissues; however, it is secreted by few cell types and its extracellular roles are unknown. In the present study we showed by in situ hybridization that periodontal ligament (PDL) cells express the S100A4 mRNA. Immunolocalization of the S100A4 protein in(More)