Shohei Kanie

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The extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathway is activated by several growth factors and mitogens, and upregulation has been noted in many human cancers, including examples in the lung. In this study, to study the association of ERK1/2 activation with mutation of Kras encoding an upstream activator of ERK1/2 in lung premalignant(More)
Functional contribution of the cholinergic pathway between the frontal cortex and basal nucleus of Meynert to micturition reflex was investigated. Male Wistar rats were subjected to bilateral lesion of the basal forebrain by ibotenic acid (IA) injection (7.5 microg/rat on each side) (BF rats). Phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was injected into control rats(More)
Surfactant proteins (SPs), originally known as human lung surfactants, are essential to respiratory structure and function. There are 4 subtypes, SP-A, SP-B, SP-C and SP-D, with SP-A and SP-D having immunological functions, and SP-B and SP-C having physicochemical properties that reduce the surface tension at biological interfaces. In this experiment, the(More)
Fiber-shaped particles of potassium octatitanate (tradename TISMO; chemical formula K2 O·6TiO2 ), which are morphologically similar to asbestos particles, were shown to induce severe proliferative reactions in the pleural mesothelium in a previous experiment carried out over 21 weeks. The present study aims to determine whether these fibers induce malignant(More)
To evaluate the influences of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) mechanisms on bladder hyperactivity after left middle cerebral artery occlusion, cystometric recordings were obtained from unanesthetized female rats. Intracerebroventricular administration of both muscimol (GABA(A) receptor agonist; 0.1-10 nmol) and baclofen (GABA(B) receptor agonist; 0.1-3 nmol)(More)
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