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We investigated movement-related change in the cortical EEG signal by simultaneous recording from the primary sensorimotor area (S1-M1) and the supplementary motor area proper (SMA proper) in four patients with intractable partial epilepsy. By the use of temporal spectral evolution (TSE) analysis, the change in background cortical activity in relation to(More)
We recorded somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) by a whole head magnetometer to elucidate cortical receptive areas involved in pain processing, focusing on the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), following painful CO(2) laser stimulation of the dorsum of the left hand in 12 healthy human subjects. In seven subjects, three spatially segregated(More)
Bereitschaftspotential (BP) was recorded directly from the right supplementary motor area proper (SMA-proper) and its rostral part by chronically implanted subdural electrodes in three patients with intractable focal motor seizure. Cortical electrical stimulation of the SMA-proper revealed the somatotopy as previously reported, and the supplementary(More)
In order to clarify the functional role of the supplementary motor area (SMA) and its rostral part (pre-SMA) in relation to the rate of repetitive finger movements, we recorded movement-related cortical potentials (MRCPs) directly from the surface of the mesial frontal lobe by using subdural electrode grids implanted in four patients with intractable(More)
A PET study was performed in six normal volunteers to elucidate the functional localization of the sensory afferent component during finger movement. Brain activation during the passive movement driven by a servo-motor was compared with that during an auditory-cued active movement which was controlled kinematically in the same way as the passive one. A(More)
To clarify the cortical mechanisms involved in motor inhibition, modulation of cortical rhythms around 20 Hz during voluntary muscle relaxation was compared to that during muscle contraction in ten normal volunteers, using a whole head type neuromagnetometer. Each subject relaxed or contracted the right forearm muscles, from which electromyograms were(More)
Modality specificity of human primary somatosensory cortex was studied by recording somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) from subdural electrodes in a patient with intractable focal motor seizure. A newly developed device was used for selectively activating proprioception. The spatial and temporal distributions of proprioception-related SEPs elicited by(More)
To elucidate the functional localization and somatotopic organization of pain perception in the human cerebral cortex, we studied the regional cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography during selective painful stimulation in six normal subjects. Response to a painful stimulus was elicited using a special CO2 laser, which selectively activates(More)
To clarify the functional role of human pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in 'cognitive' motor control as compared with other non-primary motor cortices (SMA-proper and lateral premotor areas) and prefrontal area, we recorded epicortical field potentials by using subdural electrodes in five epileptic patients during presurgical evaluation, whose(More)
In order to clarify further the characteristics of ictal direct current (DC) shifts in human epilepsy, we investigated them by subdural and scalp recording in six and three patients, respectively, both having mainly neocortical lobe epilepsy (five with frontal lobe epilepsy, two with parietal lobe epilepsy and two with temporal lobe epilepsy). By using(More)