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We recorded somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) by a whole head magnetometer to elucidate cortical receptive areas involved in pain processing, focusing on the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), following painful CO(2) laser stimulation of the dorsum of the left hand in 12 healthy human subjects. In seven subjects, three spatially segregated(More)
Bereitschaftspotential (BP) was recorded directly from the right supplementary motor area proper (SMA-proper) and its rostral part by chronically implanted subdural electrodes in three patients with intractable focal motor seizure. Cortical electrical stimulation of the SMA-proper revealed the somatotopy as previously reported, and the supplementary(More)
A PET study was performed in six normal volunteers to elucidate the functional localization of the sensory afferent component during finger movement. Brain activation during the passive movement driven by a servo-motor was compared with that during an auditory-cued active movement which was controlled kinematically in the same way as the passive one. A(More)
Modality specificity of human primary somatosensory cortex was studied by recording somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) from subdural electrodes in a patient with intractable focal motor seizure. A newly developed device was used for selectively activating proprioception. The spatial and temporal distributions of proprioception-related SEPs elicited by(More)
To elucidate the functional localization and somatotopic organization of pain perception in the human cerebral cortex, we studied the regional cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography during selective painful stimulation in six normal subjects. Response to a painful stimulus was elicited using a special CO2 laser, which selectively activates(More)
To clarify the functional role of human pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in 'cognitive' motor control as compared with other non-primary motor cortices (SMA-proper and lateral premotor areas) and prefrontal area, we recorded epicortical field potentials by using subdural electrodes in five epileptic patients during presurgical evaluation, whose(More)
In order to clarify further the characteristics of ictal direct current (DC) shifts in human epilepsy, we investigated them by subdural and scalp recording in six and three patients, respectively, both having mainly neocortical lobe epilepsy (five with frontal lobe epilepsy, two with parietal lobe epilepsy and two with temporal lobe epilepsy). By using(More)
Bereitschaftspotentials (BPs) preceding muscle relaxation and contraction were compared by using subdural electrodes which were implanted onto the right medial frontal surface in two patients with supplementary motor area (SMA) seizure. The applied movement paradigm (muscle relaxation and contraction tasks) was completely the same as employed in our(More)
In order to clarify the cortical mechanism underlying gait initiation, we examined the scalp distribution of the contingent negative variation (CNV) preceding externally cued gait initiation in a simple reaction-time paradigm in 10 healthy right-handed men, and compared the results with the CNV preceding simple foot dorsiflexion. A pair of auditory stimuli(More)
We report 9 patients (5 males, 4 females, ages 63-77) with chronic polyneuropathy. They were exposed to arsenic for about 15-40 years in Toroku Valley, Takachiho-Town, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan, where a mining company produced arsenic from 1920-1962. Predominantly sensory polyneuropathy was the most significant neurological finding. In 5 of them,(More)